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Essay on Malcolm X.

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Introduction

Have you ever wondered about Black History Month and what it means to us? Well listen! And listen up carefully... Black History Month is a great month dedicated to the lives, history and the past well being of all black people all around the world throughout all the ages till now and the strong phenomena behind them. Today, we see them as role models, national heroes, stars and most of all people that will be remembered for all time. It is our duty to therefore honour, respect and follow after their courage, success and reputation. This October I have chosen to present a strongly fascinating and encouraging essay about a man who stood up for the human rights of millions and millions of black people all across the globe which effected both then and now. He was positively a stubborn ideological hero. His boldness, braveness and public outcries without ceasing all soured him up to the utter most well recognized position on the world stage. My great audience, this is a wonderful yet chilling reminder of the man who was and forever will be known as MALCOLM X. It all began on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska, USA when Malcolm Little (as he was known then) ...read more.

Middle

Among other goals, the Nation of Islam fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. By the time that he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower of Islam. He had a new surname "X" because he considered "Little" a slave name and then chose the "X" to signify his lost tribal name. Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan and Harlem, New York. Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, radio and television to communicate the Nation of Islam's message across the United States. His charisma, drive and conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the Nation of Islam from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was also featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, "The Hate That Hate Produced", which explored the fundamentalism of the Nation of Islam and Malcolm's emergence as one of its most important leaders. After the special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed on him because of his mentor Elijah Muhammad. ...read more.

Conclusion

After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely travelled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty and their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed (the family escaped physical injury). At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965 three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage and shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was tragically pronounced dead on arrival at New York's Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm's funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ (now Child's Memorial Temple Church of God in Christ). After the ceremony, friends took the shovels from the gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. Malcolm's assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson were convicted of first-degree murder in March 1966. The three men were all members of the Nation of Islam. The legacy of Malcolm X has moved through generations as the subject of numerous documentaries, books and movies. A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed Malcolm X movie. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design. Malcolm X is buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. I therefore dedicate this essay in memory of Malcolm X The End Created on 20/10/2003 20:39 By Emmanuel Yemi ...read more.

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