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European settlement of Australia and its effect on the indigenous population.

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Introduction

The Europeans first settled when Captain James Cook came for a visit then decided to control over in 1770. This happened after the first fleet arrived at Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788. Before all this happened there were other visitors that came in and left from a visit to Australia. The first British settlement was in1926. 3 years later the continent was declared theirs... this was 41 years after the first fleet arrived at Sydney Cove. For indigenous people, these settlements ended a period of more than 65,000 years as the only inhabitants of the county that became known world-wide as Australia. ...read more.

Middle

The English king, which was the first British leader, Governor Stirling had put up a law that indigenous people had to be respected and granted with unoccupied lands. But that didn't happen because they were seen as enemies, everyone despites the royal instruction. It wasn't until 1965 that Indigenous people in all states were given the right to vote. Then later on in 1967 a Federal referendum decided to give the Federal Government powers to override unfair laws in any State or Territory. In the latter half of the 20th century many practices have been made for greater understanding of the indigenous people and their culture. ...read more.

Conclusion

Indigenous people are likely to live in lower standard housing than non-indigenous people, they have lower incomes, shorter lives and more likely to die while in jail. Practices such as removing children, ignoring indigenous laws and religion have all gone now. Now schools, local governments and Federal politicians and mining companies are all aware that indigenous people have a special culture which needs to be maintained. Allot of different types of ways have been made to help support the indigenous people and their heritage and culture such as: special health, housing, arts, policing, youth work, education, and tourism. Allot of effort has being made to resolve past injustices. The whole Australian community has supported events like National Sorry Day which expresses sorrow and regret to Indigenous people. ...read more.

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