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Evacuation in the Second world War.

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Introduction

Britain started preparing for the Second World War very early by building air - raid shelters and beginning to think about evacuation. The country was afraid of loosing more people than to loose in War. The aim was to save as many lives as possible especially, the children in order to save a generation. This provided more space too. The government took precautions as they were expecting 10, 000 casualties per air - raid. Evacuation was not compulsory and many families didn't want to part with their children, whilst others felt more relaxed knowing their children were safe. The government produced propaganda posters to persuade parents to evacuate their children. The nation already witnessed what the German bombers did to Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Everyone was given a gas mask to carry around with them at all times - including school. In 1937 air - raid precautions were introduced involving blackouts and evacuation of the vulnerable. Its aim was to save as many lives as possible. Britain were criticised for not doing enough during the First World War and had to act in WW2. Evacuation occurred in the bigger cities such as Liverpool and London. This was mainly down to the huge ports in Liverpool used for exchanging goods, and the fact that London is the capital city. ...read more.

Middle

It was written in the 1970's by a British point of view after the War and so all the pieces of evidence can not be exact because it is second hand experience rather than first hand. This is also aimed at children so it has been published for the children piece of mind and not as sophisticated therefore a large number of facts would be absent. The source is a story and lots of events may be imaginary in order to make the book more interesting and appealing to the children. However it is still reliable to some extent in that we know people were evacuated to place they did not enjoy or with people who were forced to let evacuees stay for the duration of the War. Source D is an advertisement to people in Scotland to let evacuees stay with them. It was issued by the Government to persuade families who have not offered a place for evacuees to stay to do so by using propaganda. The source is very persuasive and it makes the reader want to do something for the good of the country. It is very patriotic and passionate when it is talking about helping the country and the children. The picture shows a young girl and a young boy who could be brother and sister hugging one another with a background of fighter planes on one side and a safe countryside on the other. ...read more.

Conclusion

A lot of people did move from a danger zone to a safer part of the country to get a better life. As a result of evacuation many people kept in touch and become close friends because of the things they endured together, especially school children. Another advantage to evacuation was that it brought a lot of people, cities and the country together. The whole country united yet again after the trauma everyone suffered in the past four years. In addition evacuation brought the Beveridge Report, which was housing, sanitation and other similar problems. If evacuation never happened then this wouldn't have happened and the society today would be very different. However, I also feel evacuation did not need to be carried out so long before the War as that only produced more problems. Many people suffered the aftermath of evacuation and were haunted by their memories of what happened throughout the duration of the War. A lot of these individuals needed medical treatment to help them surpass being an evacuee. With all the moving around from one city to another a lot of children's education suffered and were unable to make up for the time they missed out on as a youngster. This would have affected what they did following on from then. ?? ?? ?? ?? Fiona Lomas "Evacuation was a great success" How far do you agree with this interpretation ...read more.

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