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Evacuation of Children

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Introduction

Evacuation 1. Source B is a photograph of the evacuees walking to the station in London, taken in September 1939. The photograph shows children and teachers walking in a single file line, in an orderly fashion, with the children smiling, some looking and waving at the camera. However nice this seems, the question whether it was staged or not is still unanswered, the children knew the camera and the photographer were present as they looked into the camera. Therefore also questioning the utility of the source, as this could be posed. Also on the corner of the photograph is a well dressed man wearing a suit and hat, looking into the camera, which shows that the area wasn't a slum area. Also, the houses in the background are still stable and show no signs of bombing; therefore the children might seem calm as there haven't been any bombings. This is just a picture, it does not tell everything, such as what the children are feeling and what they are thinking, therefore not much personal information could be collected and from my own knowledge, children were unhappy about leaving parents and going into the unknown. Also, it is only one area, one scene of the whole evacuation, it does not show the bad evacuations which from my own knowledge were happening. ...read more.

Middle

The source suggests that evacuees could not fit in and settle in the countryside, from my own knowledge I disagree with this, as there had been three brothers in a BBC documentary telling of their time in the countryside, describing it as an "adventure", suggesting they had a fun and memorable time. The source tells of the children fouling and bet-wetting. This is true in some cases, as some children suffered from terrible hygiene and some claimed never to have used a toothbrush nor had ever had a bath. Overall, this Source is reliable due to its factual purpose, although portraying evacuation as a disaster, telling of the carer's shock and disappointent in the children's poverty and manner. Source B is a photograph of the evacuees walking to the station in London, taken in September 1939. The photograph shows children and teachers walking in a single file line, in an orderly fashion, with the children smiling, some looking and waving at the camera. The source is primary, and most likely taken for propaganda. Therefore the reliability is questioned, making this source unreliable. The limitations of the Source plays a big role in its reliability too. It is only one area of where evacuation took place, others may have been disasters. The children's true feelings aren't told, diminishing the usefulness of the source. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Source is limited as it is one person's view of evauation, although possibly reliable as it supports children with good experiences of evacuation. The novel's purpose as well as informing the children, it must also entertain, so the contents of the novel could be changed and exagerated to make it more interesting to the reader, making the Source's reliabiity questionable. Due to the limitation of the extract of a whole novel, it is hard to tell whether it is a reliable source about the refugees, although what is in the source seems reliable. Although it is a novel, it shows that the evacuation was a success. In conclusion, after analysing the sources, the majority of the sources say that it was a failure. The main issues being leaving family to go into the unknown, hosts aren't happy with the evacuees, evacuees aren't happy with the hosts. These reasons are personal reasons, as oppose to life threatening reasons. The main aim of evacuation was to save as many children as possible, and none of the sources show anything of the children being unsafe. The sources that agree with this statement are unreliable as they might have been used as propaganda. There are many positives and negatives to the evacuation, so I am drawn to a conclusion of it was both a failure and a success. ...read more.

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