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Evacuation - source related work.

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Introduction

The government's aim of evacuation was to move children, teachers, blind and disabled people and pregnant women out of the major cities at risk from bombing, to reception areas, mostly in the countryside, so they would be safe, away from the bombing. On the 1st September 1939 the first evacuation began. 827,000 schoolchildren and 524,000 mothers and pre-school children moved in the following three days. 13,000 pregnant women, 7000 blind and disabled people and 103,000 teachers were also evacuated. The main cause of it was because British people witnessed the bombing of Spain in 1936 - 1939 on cinema screens and they were very fearful. It was first time for everyone so it was a step into the unknown. Source B shows a photograph of evacuees walking to the station in London on September 1939. The date is wage so we don't know if this was the first or the last of evacuees of 1939. The photograph shows most of the people waving and looking very confident and excited. We can see what kind of luggage they are carrying and what kind of clothes they are wearing. The photograph has its limitations. ...read more.

Middle

All children have light bags as they were probably encouraged to take the essentials or simply they didn't have enough time to pack too much. The fact that everyone is smiling and waving could mean that the children were excited at the start of the journey and thought of it as an adventure or they could just follow someone's example that was at the front and started waving. The photo gives a good idea of how evacuation would have started for many young children, but it does not account how were the children feeling and how confusing was the system. These kind of vital personal feelings give a picture source limitations. On the other hand I would also say that they would not be showing the feelings in front of the class friends, like how scared they were about being away from their own parents. If this situation was typical then the picture would be extremely useful, however it only shows one group of people. There were also other people evacuated in other than children in September 1939. Some women and teachers were also taken away as they were considered important. ...read more.

Conclusion

She has a negative view of evacuation which was typical in some situations but on the other side, the interview only reflects the experience and perspective of one person, evacuating only a few children of a million so it might not be typical. Using my previous knowledge on the topic of evacuation, I would say source C is more useful, purely because it gives feelings and emotions about the occasion. Although the person being interview in Source C is very old, I believe it is more reliable as it is first hand experience from someone who actually experienced the evacuation. Even if the interview was one sided, the source could be useful to show all negative points of evacuation. Source B gives more information on how the children were assembled and what clothes they were wearing, this information is also factual and useful; but in my opinion not as useful as a proper account on how the journey to evacuation felt. Yet both sources are useful because I think they are equally reliable. Source B has the flaw of possibly being posed and source C has no dating. Source C also agrees more with my own knowledge, as I think it more likely the children would be distressed about going to evacuation; rather than joyous as they are shown in source B ...read more.

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