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Evacuation was a great success

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Introduction

'Evacuation was a great success' Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation Explain the answer using the Sources and knowledge from your own studies. In this essay I will be discussing and examining the interpretation 'evacuation was a great success.' Using the Sources available to me and my own knowledge from my studies, I will discuss the different opinions on this topic and reach a conclusion on whether evacuation really was a great success. Evacuation took place in the early months of World War Two. The government decided that people such as children, expectant mothers, and the disabled were to be sent to areas in the countryside deemed safe from the German bombs. The government felt that evacuation was for the best and often publicised the consequences of what might happen if children were not evacuated from danger areas. The evacuees were evacuated by train to smaller towns and villages in the countryside. The United Kingdom was split up into three areas; Evacuation, meaning areas that heavy bombing was expected; Neutral, meaning areas that would not send or receive any evacuees and Reception, which was the rural areas where evacuees would be sent. Evacuation began on the 31st August 1939. Over the next four years, a quarter of the British population was evacuated to the British countryside. ...read more.

Middle

However, from just looking at the Source, I would say that this Source was more positive than negative and therefore it does support the opinion that evacuation was a success. However it doesn't have the different crueller side to evacuation. Source D is a photograph issued by the government whilst the war was going on. This means that it is most likely to be a use of propaganda to help boost morale, and therefore is an unreliable Source. By being released during the war, it is likely that it was used to encourage parents to send their children away from danger or back from where they came from as many had been sent back home due to the lack of bombing going on. The Source shows children in the bath, smiling and looking happy. This was used to show the parents how the children there are having a good time and that they were safe, because obviously many parents were very uneasy about sending their children away to a strange place that they didn't know. However, I know from my own knowledge that many children were not happy whilst living at their foster homes and many were bullied and abused by their foster families. However once again, the Source is a positive Source and it was used to encourage evacuation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source C contradicts Source B because it says how many children were very afraid about the prospect of being evacuated. This also backs up my own knowledge and it is a very negative view of evacuation which contradicts the opinion that evacuation was a great success. In conclusion, after analysing all of the available Sources and by using my own knowledge, it seems that evacuation was not actually a great success, and that it was actually a huge failure. The negative Sources are allot more frequent than the positive Sources and the positive Sources all seem to be an obvious use of propaganda which means that they are not reliable and that they are not a true reflection on the events of evacuation or the feelings of the evacuees. Some Sources say how badly the town people behaved, whereas some others say the country people were just as bad. I believe that although most children were saved from the German bombs, evacuation was not a great success because many children suffered at the hands of their foster parents and evacuation was not very popular with the parents of the evacuated. Overall I believe that some aspects of evacuation were a success, as the government achieved its aim of keeping children safe from the bombs, however, their were allot of negatives and therefore I believe that evacuation was not a complete success. Rory Barham ...read more.

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