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"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation?

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Introduction

"Evacuation was a great success." Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? The evacuation of children in Britain was a large-scale operation, and I think that the government planned it well, and therefore it was a success. The government evacuated 3million people in the first weekend of the war. This number was a mixture of mothers with young children, pregnant women, and children. It is estimated that if the government did not use evacuation, then there would have been 4million casualties. In the First World War, there was no need to evacuate, as planes were made of wood, they had a limited range, and limited payloads. By the Second World War, there were technological advances, long-range bombers had been developed and there were increased payloads. Because of these factors, most urban centres in Britain were at risk. The government thought of these factors, and they therefore believed that evacuation was a key way of protecting the Britain and the citizens. Organising the evacuation was a hard task, but the government managed to organise the evacuation of children efficiently and well. ...read more.

Middle

This would be very harsh on the children involved, as some would have to have the humiliation of being the last chosen from all of their friends, this would be a bad start for the experience, as the children would know that they were not wanted and the parents were not happy in having the rejects of the rest of the crowd. Sources G and E show us how children were treated as if they were poor. In source E, a foster parent says how the children 'urinated on the walls'. Most of the children evacuated were poor, and did not have many manners. People accepting children saw of all the children in this way, but there were some upper class children evacuated as well. The stereotype of the evacuees was of a scruffy, dirty boy from London's East End. In source G the receiving aren't says, 'why should you have slippers?' Here the parent is believing in the agreed stereotype, and also mistreating the children. Source F shows us how some of the children were higher in class than where they were evacuated. ...read more.

Conclusion

People did not evacuate again after returning home, because they were accustomed to the conditions of bombing. There were problems with evacuation. Parents used to mistreat and abuse children, and the children would therefore not enjoy the experience. It was hard for foster parents to look after another child. The government did not sponsor children, so the money had to come out of the receiving family's wage. Eventually centres were set up so that evacuees could meet up, wash their clothes, bathe and other things away from their foster homes. This took some pressure off of the receiving families. Source D shows the evacuees in one of the centres, but as the government issued this photo, it is probable that it could not be reliable. The government would have issued this photograph to stop rumours spreading that people were not enjoying evacuation. There is no doubt that evacuation was a success at what it was trying to achieve, which was to save lives. It did this due to the government's efficiency in organising evacuation. There were some failures, but these only occurred in areas where the evacuation was not organised well. Overall, evacuation was a success. Word Count = 1052 Words ...read more.

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