• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Evacuation was a great success!" Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? Use sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Evacuation was a great success!" Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? Use sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. Evacuation was introduced because Britain was at war with Germany and they expected the Germans to bomb Britain. There were three main evacuation periods. The first started on September 1^st 1939 and was called `The Phoney War'; this first wave of evacuation took place because Britain expected air raids. The second period ranged from May to December 1940. This second wave was taken due to heavy bombing warnings, the Blitz started shortly after evacuation started. The third period of evacuation was from July to September 1944, and this was because the Germans had developed flying bombs and `v2' rockets, which were both devastating weapons. People who were evacuated were school children, mothers and young children, blind and disabled people and teachers. The government tried to encourage evacuation by the use of propaganda. Source B is a photograph from the start of evacuation. It shows evacuee's walking to a train station. They are all smiling and look happy. We cannot fully trust this source because it may be a staged photo used by the government for propaganda. ...read more.

Middle

Source I is from an interview with a father from South end with a 7 year old boy. It has been written in May 1940, but before the heavy bombing started. It cannot be trusted because it took place before the bombing started so his opinion could have changed. Sources 7 and 8 suggest that the evacuation process was well organised and a success. The children on the trains are all smiling and are happy, and the children walking to the station also look happy. The government leaflet on evacuation: why and how, suggests that evacuation was well organised, it says that all children were evacuated to safer places called reception areas. Whereas source C suggest that it wasn't, it says people had no idea where they were going. The source comes from an interview with a teacher in 1988. This source cannot be fully trusted because it is only her memories and is only one viewpoint Some sources suggest that evacuation was well organised when evacuee's got there. For example, in the Internet sheet, a 5-year-old evacuee described his experience; he says that he enjoyed himself, and enjoyed his 2 - 3 years in Wales, and that the host wanted to adopt him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cynthia Gillet described her experience of evacuation as terrible, she was evacuated twice and was beaten and worked. Another girl described her experience with a rich family as unhappy, she got very homesick and returned home a few months later. Source L also tells us of brutality towards evacuee's, other children would gang up on them in the playground. The successes were that evacuation saved thousands of lives and up to the end of 1942, only 27 children evacuated from London were injured, which was a tiny amount compared to the casualties of the people who stayed. Many evacuees saw world outside of the cities and many loved the countryside. It also highlighted poverty and the slum conditions people were living in. The failures though were that only 36% of people who should have been evacuated from London were evacuated and only 33% of people from provinces were evacuated; a lot of people weren't evacuated. Other failures were when the government tried to introduce a second wave of evacuation, response was very limited. In conclusion, evacuation was partly a success because of the lives it saved, but it partly failed because only a small majority of people who should have been evacuated were, and because of the haphazard placement of evacuees with hosts, most evacuees hated the countryside and returned home. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. "Evacuation was a great success" Do you agree? Source based work.

    However, not all evacuees were lower class, many of them where familiar with the countryside. Even so, it was just as hard for them to settle into the countryside as it was for the other children. Source G, a passage from a Novel entitled "Carries War" enforces this.

  2. 'Evacuation was a great success.' Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation? Explain ...

    The fear of uncertainty of what might happen stopped many parents sending their children. Evacuation brought traumatic experiences to many evacuees and also to some host families. A few evacuees however, were less fortunate. The absence of a government body to safeguard the welfare of children meant they were at the whim of the foster family.

  1. 'Evacuation was a great success' Do you agree?

    Firstly and quite majorly was the unhappiness felt by kids and their parents when being evacuated, parents and children often found it very hard to separate and were usually not allowed to give their children a proper send off. Examples of unhappy kids and parents can be seen in sources F, E and B.

  2. Was Evacuation A Success

    This suggests the 2 very different places where evacuees could be during the war-The Countryside being Scotland where it is safe and the City being where they are currently living in danger. Underneath the image, there is text underneath the image in large, bold font.

  1. Free essay

    Assignment 2, Question 3 Evacuation was a success do you agree with this ...

    really felt comfortable and found it hard to adjust to a different culture, this meant there was a large culture clash between the country people and the evacuees. From my own knowledge I know that this source is reliable as it is a first hand experience from a host, however

  2. Evacuation was a great success. Do you agree or disagree with this interpretation explain ...

    little or no knowledge at all of life for evacuees as because the book is fictional, there is no requirement for facts to be used. Overall I think this source shows the failures of evacuation as many of the foster carers assumed that all children from the cities were poor.

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    write about it, however the source could be unreliable as the author might not have enjoyed evacuation so wrote about what she imagined evacuation was like for other children. Also, as the book is fictional, some parts of the author's experience might have been exaggerated or not included, making the source unreliable.

  2. Free essay

    why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    Source C is an extract from a novel called "Carrie's War", which is about evacuees. The book was written in 1973. The novel was produced as children's literature, and was therefore aimed at entertaining the reader. The short extract is a scene in which depicts a scene with a young

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work