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Evaluate the causes of the 1905 revolution

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  • Essay length: 1533 words
  • Submitted: 15/08/2003
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GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941

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Evaluate the causes of the 1905 revolution

The disagreement between historians concerning the occurrence of an actual revolution in 1905 is arguably because of their different definitions of what can be classified as a revolution. A revolution can be defined as 1'a fundamental change or a reversal of conditions', and this I consider is very much the case in Russia 1905. The dispute surrounding the dates however is understandably ambiguous as peasant revolts punctuated the years between 1904-1907. I consider however, that the political unrest peaked in this period in 1905, resulting from both short and long term origins. The latter can be traced back as far as the reign of 'Peter the Great' and his attempts to Westernise Russia, or more recently the 2'Great reforms of the 1860's', concerning the judiciary, and the military but perhaps most importantly the educational system. These reforms were surprisingly successful, however they were accompanied by a changing and underlying pattern of social tensions. The short-term origins include three catalysts, Bloody Sunday, the Russo-Japanese war and finally the economic recession that gripped Russia in the early 20th century. The repercussions of these stirred up revolutionary activity from all groups of society as

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