• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Events leading to the end of the Tsarist Russia and the 1917 Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Events leading to the end of the Tsarist Russia and the 1917 Revolution Russian history has provided us with the knowledge that whenever a threat of war looms the majority of the nation abandons its disagreement in an act of unity and show of patriotisms. This sort of enthusiasm was evident in the period we are studying, this sort of enthusiasm thereby makes the leaders more popular, but such is the backwardness of Russia at the time that the wave of support never lasted the mismatch between Russia and its enemies were laughable. For such a huge country with enormous factors of production at its disposal, the fact that Russia was never able to maximise its potential is a major factor behind the down fall of the Romanov Dynasty. The real revolution occurred in 1917, but the first sign of popular discontent started emerging in the turn during the turn of the 20th century, during that period, agricultural depression, effect of industrialisation and the heavy handing of the Tsar started to evoke radicalism both in the towns and countryside, but these groups were dealt with but the okrana. Since the Tsar ruled autocratically, where he had total say and control over everything that occurred, he has to take responsibility for Russia's defeat during the Russo-Japanese war in which Russian soldiers were so ill equipped, ill disciplined and overall, poorly managed, it is one thing to divert attention ...read more.

Middle

When goods are in short supply, their prices spiral put of control and unless wages can keep up, which in itself increases cost of production, the public will find it hard to survive, increasing German army advances into Russia resulted in peasants fleeing into the cities thereby causing overcrowding and added to the strains of a densely populated area already witnessing food shortages for example, between 1914 and 1917, Petrograd population grew from 2.1 million to 2.7 million. The length of the war also resulted in shortages in raw materials and some factory started to close down and this caused mass unemployment, this combined with the bad weather, food shortages, overcrowding, humiliation abroad, high inflation, wages not keeping up, Russia was in chaos. All these factors combined amongst other to create the down fall of the tsar, one other factor was his persistent on autocracy when logic would have said otherwise. The patriotic formation of bodies such as the Union of Zemstva to provide medical facilities and the Congress of Representatives of Industry and Trade to coordinate production raised an old thorny question. How far should these groups be able to influence the war since the tsar was meant to be the sole operator? The tsar was unwilling to rescinded or share his power so these group, radical or not, where denied active roles in the conduct of the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

N. Sukhanov, a socialist observer, "not one party was preparing for the great overturn". Realising the seriousness of the situation, the tsar tried to return home but his train was stopped outside the city and his general, Rodzianko adviced him to abdicate. Under orders from the tsar, the Dumas dispersed but transformed themselves into a provisional government and most of the members supported the general advice but only in the hopes of retaining the monarchy under a more popular, constitutional tsar, having originally dismissed the Dumas pleas for last ditch reforms, Nicholas then toyed with the idea of a military assault upon his own capital. He was dissuaded by the pleas of his more trusted generals who wanted constitutional reform, but Nicholas was unable to compromise his own autocracy and agreed to abdicate on 15 March, the following day, his brother Mikhail, refused the crown leaving Russia a republic after 304 years of Romanov rule. What followed was anarchy with the revolution becoming one against authority and private property, and the provisional government found it hard to fight a war abroad and contain chaos at home. Lenin and Trotsky saw their chance and in the name of the soviets and an implied a socialist coalition, they seized power in oct/nov 1917 and on the orders of the bolsheviks, the royal family was killed in July 1918 and communist Russia began. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How convincing is the argument that WW1 was the main factor in the collapse ...

    But the Tsarist government rejected collaboration with non-governmental agencies and Nicholas II refused to replace any of his ministers so as to produce a more proficient administration. This forced 236 of the 422 Duma legislatures to unite in a 'Progressive Bloc' made up of the Octobrists, Kadets, Nationalists and the Progressive Industrialists.

  2. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    These soldiers could have been angry with the Tsar for personal reasons, such as: The Tsar may have neglected their starving family, or one of their relatives may have died at Bloody Sunday. This would have only been a mutiny involving a small number of soldiers, and would therefore not have reflected the views of the entire Russian army.

  1. Why was there a German revolution in 1918 and how far had it gone ...

    The theory was quickly used to criticise the democratic Weimar Republic. Together with its links to the humiliation of the peace treaty, the association this theory provoked weakened the prospects of success for the Weimar democracy especially as it was widely believed and reinforced despite its falsity.

  2. Assess the idea that is the ideologies, which emerge from the French revolution, rather ...

    about such as, reforming the university system, and establishing the bank of France. These were things that benefited all classes, but most importantly secured his hold on public authority. Napoleon makes his biggest error of all, when he invades Russia in 1812. This stretched his army and supplies beyond endurance.

  1. Tsar's Russia & revolution, Hitler's rise to power revison notes.

    in the Munich Putsch but he failed and was sent to prison. While he was there he wrote his book which contained his ideas for what was to happen to the German country: * Aryan/Master race - said that Germans were inferior to all other races and that the race must be preserved.

  2. To what extent was the Revolution of February/march, in Russia 1917, due to the ...

    However, this satisfaction was short-lived, as the people soon realized that the Duma had no sufficient power or right to work as a proper parliament. This was confirmed in the Tsar's Fundamental Laws of 1906, which stated that he still remained absolute ruler of the Tsar and that the duma

  1. Why did the Tsar survive the revolution of 1905, but not that of 1917?

    The back sea and Dardanelles were impassable because of the Germans and the Turks. It was chaos and the whole economy was reduced. To create more frustration, taxes were raised due to high war payments and Russia's economy suffered inflation.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    Duma leaders' accepted reluctantly as they wanted reform rather than revolution, but now there seemed no choice. On the same day revolutionaries took control of food supplies to St. Petersburg, Soldiers' committee's had been set up, undermining the authority of the officers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work