• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Events leading to the end of the Tsarist Russia and the 1917 Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Events leading to the end of the Tsarist Russia and the 1917 Revolution Russian history has provided us with the knowledge that whenever a threat of war looms the majority of the nation abandons its disagreement in an act of unity and show of patriotisms. This sort of enthusiasm was evident in the period we are studying, this sort of enthusiasm thereby makes the leaders more popular, but such is the backwardness of Russia at the time that the wave of support never lasted the mismatch between Russia and its enemies were laughable. For such a huge country with enormous factors of production at its disposal, the fact that Russia was never able to maximise its potential is a major factor behind the down fall of the Romanov Dynasty. The real revolution occurred in 1917, but the first sign of popular discontent started emerging in the turn during the turn of the 20th century, during that period, agricultural depression, effect of industrialisation and the heavy handing of the Tsar started to evoke radicalism both in the towns and countryside, but these groups were dealt with but the okrana. Since the Tsar ruled autocratically, where he had total say and control over everything that occurred, he has to take responsibility for Russia's defeat during the Russo-Japanese war in which Russian soldiers were so ill equipped, ill disciplined and overall, poorly managed, it is one thing to divert attention ...read more.

Middle

When goods are in short supply, their prices spiral put of control and unless wages can keep up, which in itself increases cost of production, the public will find it hard to survive, increasing German army advances into Russia resulted in peasants fleeing into the cities thereby causing overcrowding and added to the strains of a densely populated area already witnessing food shortages for example, between 1914 and 1917, Petrograd population grew from 2.1 million to 2.7 million. The length of the war also resulted in shortages in raw materials and some factory started to close down and this caused mass unemployment, this combined with the bad weather, food shortages, overcrowding, humiliation abroad, high inflation, wages not keeping up, Russia was in chaos. All these factors combined amongst other to create the down fall of the tsar, one other factor was his persistent on autocracy when logic would have said otherwise. The patriotic formation of bodies such as the Union of Zemstva to provide medical facilities and the Congress of Representatives of Industry and Trade to coordinate production raised an old thorny question. How far should these groups be able to influence the war since the tsar was meant to be the sole operator? The tsar was unwilling to rescinded or share his power so these group, radical or not, where denied active roles in the conduct of the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

N. Sukhanov, a socialist observer, "not one party was preparing for the great overturn". Realising the seriousness of the situation, the tsar tried to return home but his train was stopped outside the city and his general, Rodzianko adviced him to abdicate. Under orders from the tsar, the Dumas dispersed but transformed themselves into a provisional government and most of the members supported the general advice but only in the hopes of retaining the monarchy under a more popular, constitutional tsar, having originally dismissed the Dumas pleas for last ditch reforms, Nicholas then toyed with the idea of a military assault upon his own capital. He was dissuaded by the pleas of his more trusted generals who wanted constitutional reform, but Nicholas was unable to compromise his own autocracy and agreed to abdicate on 15 March, the following day, his brother Mikhail, refused the crown leaving Russia a republic after 304 years of Romanov rule. What followed was anarchy with the revolution becoming one against authority and private property, and the provisional government found it hard to fight a war abroad and contain chaos at home. Lenin and Trotsky saw their chance and in the name of the soviets and an implied a socialist coalition, they seized power in oct/nov 1917 and on the orders of the bolsheviks, the royal family was killed in July 1918 and communist Russia began. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How convincing is the argument that WW1 was the main factor in the collapse ...

    The Populists later developed a terrorist wing, and in 1881 members from the Populist faction 'The People's Will' assassinated Alexander II. Far from increasing the support for the party in this single act the Populists found they had alienated themselves from other opposition groups, and in the following years Populism abruptly decreased.

  2. To what extent was the Revolution of February/march, in Russia 1917, due to the ...

    This was the absolute turning and decisive point. With no supporters left or army to assert his power, the Tsar decided to abdicate; thus the end of the 300-year Romanov rule of the Russian Empire. When attempting to determine to what extent was the revolution of February /March, in Russia

  1. Which of the following views best explain the fall of Tsarism of Russia? ...

    It tells us that the Tsar looked like he was heading towards democracy, Civil Freedom and Political Stability. Although the source tells us little, from my background knowledge I know that this was obviously just a way to appease the middle classes.

  2. Why did the Tsar Abdicate after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 ...

    or up rises with help from the huge Russian army, which at that time were very loyal to the tsar. The army was the Tsars main weapon to tackle any threat to his authority. After the war with Japan, the Russian army had been away which allowed limited freedom of

  1. Lenin's death marked the beginning of a period of struggle for leadership between the ...

    Stalin introduced Lenin Enrolment which recruited 500,000 workers to increase the number of true proletarians in the party ranks. Being politically na�ve and poorly educated, they felt that they owed their party membership to Stalin and so voted for him in all party matters, further increasing his influence.

  2. Was the defeat in the war the real cause of the Russian Revolution

    because the tsars advisors had told him that it would be easily won and he would earn the e respect of his people, this did not work however as Russia suffered a massive defeat. This is a similar scenario to why the tsar joined WW1.

  1. Why was the Tsarist regime able to survive the revolution of 1905?

    It was noticed by the opposition that the Tsar had taken his time in swearing in the first Duma as it gave him time to change the October manifest to how it suited him, these were named the fundamental and effectively reversed everything that the October manifest had stated.

  2. Explain how the autocracy (Tsar) managed to emerge from the events of 1905 unscathed.

    The Tsar lost a lot of support, much of which he would never regain. The key factor in which the Tsar managed to keep his throne was that he had the support of the army when they returned from the Far East.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work