• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the importance of Russian weakness in WW1 in explainging the start of the revolution in 1917.

Extracts from this document...


Kelly Mawhinney 08/10/05 Examine the importance of Russian weakness in World War One in explaining the start of the revolution in 1917? The outbreak of war was greeted in Russia, as elsewhere, with a spontaneous wave of patriotic hysteria. In fact, with its chronic socail problems, weak economy and narrow base of political support Russia and the tsarist regrime were deeply vulnerable to the strains of a long, draining conflict. The effects of World War One was combinely contributed too all of the three systems of Russia, i.e. The political, economic, and military. The military defeats casued Russia's downfall. The reason why this happened, was because even though the Russian army was big, it was poorly equipped. They only had enough weapons for one person between three (approxiatmatey) people. So that means there were three men to one rifte and when one person died the next men would pick up and fight, also many people only had a stick or nothing at all to fight with, which in turn was not going to win them anything. ...read more.


Food shortages and price rises caused widespread discontent. Also because of the war many people where moring from the countryside and into the cities, this causedthe cities to become overcrowded and people were living in terrible conditions. The cities that were wrost hit where Petrograd and Moscow. Disruption of supplies mean't that food, goods and raw materials were in short supply; hurdreds of factories closed adn thousands were put out of work; prices rocketed and inflation was rampant; also lack of fuel mean't that people were cold as well as hurgery. The urban workers beacme very hisstile towards the tsarist government. Also the peasants became increasingly angry about the conscrpition of all young men, who seldom returned form the front. The effects were felt in two main respects, Firstly, a mounting casualtly rate at the front. Overwhelming defeats in 1914, then the tremendous offensives of 1915 and 1916 accounted for casualties of some seven million died, injured and wounded and the depletion of the officer corps. It also meant that the newly renamed Petrograd was left with a garrison of only 160,000 inferior troops. ...read more.


On 11 March the Duma effectively assumed power, and threee days later establihed a provisional government under the liberal Prince Lvov. Nicholas abdicated on the following day, and his brother the Grand Duke Michael refused to succeed him in those circumstances. As Trotsky sneered: "The country had so radically vomited up the monarchy that it could never crawl down the people's throat again". The government was also weakened from the start be it's lack of credibility and authority. This was beacuse it had not been elected and had no programme for government. The Prtrograd Soviet had a better claim to legitimacy having been formed from representatives of the workers. It then expanded its base to include soldiers. The Soviet has considerable power, with its control over the postal service and railways in Petrograd, to the extent that it was difficult for the Pervisional goevernment to do anyting without its support. This point was illustrated by the Petrograd Soviet Order No 1, whish urged the soldiers to only obey the orders of the Government if they did not contradict its own decrees. All of these caused the revolution which in turn casued another revoultion a few months later. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How convincing is the argument that WW1 was the main factor in the collapse ...

    In his statement he said Russia's only hope lay in "immeasurable distances, impassable roads and the mercy of St. Nicholas, patron of Holy Russia". War-weariness began to grow. "World War I subjected every belligerent country to immense strains, which could be overcome only by close collaboration between government and citizenry in the name of patriotism.

  2. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    One of them was the change in the countryside. Stolypin, to make the agriculture more efficient, introduced reforms amongst the peasantry. Peasants were allowed to buy up strips of land from their less enterprising neighbours to make one single land holding, which they owned individually. Stolypin set up a peasants' bank to provide loans for them to do this.

  1. Purges and Hysteria in the Soviet Union

    Yezhov established denunciation quotas. Labour camps were in need of more people for their enterprises, as they were losing people through expirations of prison terms, and from death. Some in the camps whose terms expired were given second terms without interrogation or hearings.

  2. How important was WW1 in causing the Russian Revolution of February 1917

    However this was not the case. The tsar was still in control and was still autocratic it had no real control over the government and this was clearly seen in the war when it was told to step down while the tsar made all the decisions.

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    they never had in mind the views or opinions of the people who had overthrown the Tsar, therefore there was no reason why these parties should be happy with rule on the part of the provisional government. The first decision (known as "order number 1")

  2. The February Revolution 1917 - Was Nicholas responsible for his own downfall?

    to when they had to fire upon demonstrators and they realised that it was better for them to be on the revolution side. Finally, source G shows that the last attempt made to warn Nicholas about the events that were happening was completely ignored and dismissed by him.

  1. Examine the importance of Russian weaknesses in WW1 in explaining the start of Revolution ...

    During the war because their was not enough people to run the factories Peasants were used to work in the factories, but with the peasants working in the factories this meant the land being used to make food fell by twenty percent.

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    In returning from exile in Switzerland during the summer of 1917 ?Lenin was already embarking his course of action?. He did this through a series of proposals, which are known as the April Theses. In general, the Theses proclaimed that there would be ?Peace, Bread, Land?, therefore after Lenin worked

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work