• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the importance of Russian weakness in WW1 in explainging the start of the revolution in 1917.

Extracts from this document...


Kelly Mawhinney 08/10/05 Examine the importance of Russian weakness in World War One in explaining the start of the revolution in 1917? The outbreak of war was greeted in Russia, as elsewhere, with a spontaneous wave of patriotic hysteria. In fact, with its chronic socail problems, weak economy and narrow base of political support Russia and the tsarist regrime were deeply vulnerable to the strains of a long, draining conflict. The effects of World War One was combinely contributed too all of the three systems of Russia, i.e. The political, economic, and military. The military defeats casued Russia's downfall. The reason why this happened, was because even though the Russian army was big, it was poorly equipped. They only had enough weapons for one person between three (approxiatmatey) people. So that means there were three men to one rifte and when one person died the next men would pick up and fight, also many people only had a stick or nothing at all to fight with, which in turn was not going to win them anything. ...read more.


Food shortages and price rises caused widespread discontent. Also because of the war many people where moring from the countryside and into the cities, this causedthe cities to become overcrowded and people were living in terrible conditions. The cities that were wrost hit where Petrograd and Moscow. Disruption of supplies mean't that food, goods and raw materials were in short supply; hurdreds of factories closed adn thousands were put out of work; prices rocketed and inflation was rampant; also lack of fuel mean't that people were cold as well as hurgery. The urban workers beacme very hisstile towards the tsarist government. Also the peasants became increasingly angry about the conscrpition of all young men, who seldom returned form the front. The effects were felt in two main respects, Firstly, a mounting casualtly rate at the front. Overwhelming defeats in 1914, then the tremendous offensives of 1915 and 1916 accounted for casualties of some seven million died, injured and wounded and the depletion of the officer corps. It also meant that the newly renamed Petrograd was left with a garrison of only 160,000 inferior troops. ...read more.


On 11 March the Duma effectively assumed power, and threee days later establihed a provisional government under the liberal Prince Lvov. Nicholas abdicated on the following day, and his brother the Grand Duke Michael refused to succeed him in those circumstances. As Trotsky sneered: "The country had so radically vomited up the monarchy that it could never crawl down the people's throat again". The government was also weakened from the start be it's lack of credibility and authority. This was beacuse it had not been elected and had no programme for government. The Prtrograd Soviet had a better claim to legitimacy having been formed from representatives of the workers. It then expanded its base to include soldiers. The Soviet has considerable power, with its control over the postal service and railways in Petrograd, to the extent that it was difficult for the Pervisional goevernment to do anyting without its support. This point was illustrated by the Petrograd Soviet Order No 1, whish urged the soldiers to only obey the orders of the Government if they did not contradict its own decrees. All of these caused the revolution which in turn casued another revoultion a few months later. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How convincing is the argument that WW1 was the main factor in the collapse ...

    In his statement he said Russia's only hope lay in "immeasurable distances, impassable roads and the mercy of St. Nicholas, patron of Holy Russia". War-weariness began to grow. "World War I subjected every belligerent country to immense strains, which could be overcome only by close collaboration between government and citizenry in the name of patriotism.

  2. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    He thought that peasants would want to improve their own land and use modern methods to produce more food. He also wanted this to create a new class of prosperous landowning peasant-kulaks-who would be loyal to the government and not wanting changes.

  1. How important was WW1 in causing the Russian Revolution of February 1917

    The actual leader himself was a cause of the revolution of 1917. He was narrow minded and poorly prepared to face the problems of ruling such a large country. He was and indecisive but arrogant man who held a firm belief in autocracy and felt it was his duty to uphold it for his forefathers.

  2. The Russian Revolution 1917

    came into being, it was controlled without sympathies for the workers in mind; was a matter of chance, or due to past events; but it would have been quite easy for the members of the provisional government to decide to appease the working class in order to win widespread support.

  1. The February Revolution 1917 - Was Nicholas responsible for his own downfall?

    to when they had to fire upon demonstrators and they realised that it was better for them to be on the revolution side. Finally, source G shows that the last attempt made to warn Nicholas about the events that were happening was completely ignored and dismissed by him.

  2. Examine the importance of Russian weaknesses in WW1 in explaining the start of Revolution ...

    During the war because their was not enough people to run the factories Peasants were used to work in the factories, but with the peasants working in the factories this meant the land being used to make food fell by twenty percent.

  1. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    At such times of tribulations, radicalisation of the working class and peasantry was important. Lenin grabbed this chance to organise opposition against the Tsar. Such circumstances that Russia was in, may prove to an extent, how Lenin may have been quite insignificant even with his aptitude as a great leader

  2. Analyse how far WW1 caused the Russian Revolution.

    (John Wright 18) The Tsar lost the support he had left on Bloody Sunday; several strikes and protests forced the Tsar to yield to their demands. (John Wright 19) The Tsar was able to gain back the support he lost when he issued The October Manifesto.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work