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Explain how and why serious violence broke out in Northern Ireland from 1968 to 1972.

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The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) was formed in 1967, and were fully informed about the awful condition of the status quo. These well educated, Catholics (mainly) in Northern Ireland, didn't actually want to overthrow the Northern Ireland state, but instead wanted to expose the discrimination they endured for decades, and chiefly they wanted to play an active role within the state, and within it be able take up professional positions e.g. in Government etc, with no prejudice. The organisation declared they were launching a peaceful campaign, and even went to the extent of comparing themselves to the successful Civil rights movement in the USA, headed by Martin Luther King. The Nationalist MP and Civil rights campaigner Austin Currie organised and staged a 'sit in' protest in a house in County Tyrone, Currie was trying to highlight the issue that the council were discriminative in the allocation of housing, because this particular house belonged to a single Protestant and not a Catholic family with children. ...read more.


The Catholics went to the extent of barricading the Bogside area up to prepare for the worse. Many argue that the following violence could have possibly being avoided if the march had been banned; however the decision lay with N.Ireland's Home Affair Minister Robert Porter, who unfortunately was a Unionist. Soon after the march ended, as predicted; Catholic and Protestant mobs began throwing missiles at one another, and before long there was a full scale riot. There are two different explanations for what happened next; the RUC claimed they attempted to dismantle a barricade, so that they could separate the two mobs more effectively. However, the Catholics claim that the events had been a direct attack on their homes by RUC officers, aided by Loyalist 'thugs'. The rioting on the Bogside was felt for two days. The police were unable to enter the area at first, in what became N.Ireland's first 'no-go' areas. This 'Battle' ignited numerous violent incidents all over N.Ireland. ...read more.


A vicious circles was soon created, because more attacks and killings, resulted in more searchings, which increased support for the Provisionals. In 1971, people from all walks of life had come to an agreement that the Provisionals were not just fighting to protect the Nationalist communities, but were infact, possibly attempting to achieve their long-term aim of completely removing British presence in Ireland. In the final year before the ceasefire, 1972, the Provisionals set off more than 1300 bombs, killed 100 soldiers, and wounded 500 more. Looking at the attacks from year to year, it is highly noticed that the attacks and bombings are steadily increasing, which would certainly be a time for the N.Ireland and British Govt's to be greatly. concerned. In conclusion, I believe that the violence broke out in 1969, mainly because of the Civil rights marches, as they enraged Unionists, because Unionists looked upon these 'marches' as a Republican organisation. I believe NICRA became the final trigger among many other issues, which caused the eventual violence. ?? ?? ?? ?? Explain how and why serious violence broke out in Northern Ireland from 1968 to 1972. ...read more.

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