• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how Bloody Sunday created a bigger argument between two clashing communities

Extracts from this document...


Ireland coursework Q2 One of the most memorable events in Irish history, providing a torrent of conflict and on-going arguments between nationalists and unionists, was an event named "Bloody Sunday." In an attempt to avoid further conflict following the partition of Ireland, many marches were made illegal by the Special Powers act. This meant that when civil rights groups wanted to protest about issues such as internment (people going straight to prison without a trial), it was difficult to express their views. However, in 1972, local MP of Derry, Ivan Cooper, organized a civil rights march against internment. Cooper and others believed it was unfair that Nationalists were treated like second class citizens in Northern Ireland, and decided the best way to get the Governments attention was to take part in a march. It took place on Sunday 30th January 1972, and by the end of the day 13 civilians were shot dead, by British army bullets. Months later a victim died from his injuries, making 14 deaths. ...read more.


This meant that Nationalists could not put forward their views as the Government would not let them. Even now, historians are trying to put together what really happened on Bloody Sunday, but there have been many sources explaining what they thought had happened. It is believed that the British government had let the march go unchallenged, but that the marchers must not be allowed outside the Catholic Bogside area. Barriers were put up so the marchers would keep within the Bogside. The 1st Parachute Regiment, or mainly known as 1 Para, were there to deal with any violent rioters. A very famous source was a Catholic Priest, Father Bradley. In source I, talking about the start of the shooting he stated that "they shot indiscriminately" [without choosing targets] and that he saw "only the Army shooting." Also several of the people in the march were shot in the back; this means that the army shot people who were fleeing the scene; people who were not fighting against them. ...read more.


Bloody Sunday was a huge catastrophe, which brought to attention the awful way the British Government handled situations and also brought to light the horrible ways in which nationalists were treated. Because of this scandal, the failure and hatred of the British Government would me passed down throughout generations of nationalists, and even now there are still reports looking in to what exactly happened on Bloody Sunday. The Widgery report was a white-wash - A report that looked into Bloody Sunday and what occurred, and who was to blame, left only a small amount of time to examine the evidence, and reported that the army were not seen as responsible. Because of this report there was no chance ever of justice for the Nationalists. The Nationalists grew increasingly angry with the British Government and passing down the hatred through generations meant that now in Northern Ireland today, people are still fighting against the British Government - you couldn't work with a government that had treated your community badly in the past - and they still have a need for justice and for closure today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Sunday January On 30, 1972, in an incident since known as Bloody Sunday, twenty-seven ...

    On the 24th January 1972Frabk Lagan the Chief superintendent of the RUC told Andrew Maclellan the commander 8 infantry brigade, that he had spoken to the civil rights association and told them that he wanted to hold a non-violent demonstration protesting against internment on 30 January 1972.

  2. What happened on Bloody Sunday?

    By about 4.40pm the shooting ended with 13 people dead and a further 14 injured from gunshots. The shooting took place in four main places: the car park of Rossville Flats; the forecourt of Rossville Flats (between the Flats and Joseph Place); at the rubble and wire barricade on Rossville Street; and in the area around Glenfada Park.

  1. The build up to Bloody Sunday, and why it happened.

    His quickly-produced report supported the army analysis of the events of the day, to the extent of implying on the basis of scientific evidence that some of those shot had handled explosives.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    The advantage of the 17 months was that the greater community in Northern Ireland said we can make this one. So, the pieces are there for everything to come together. And as long as the administration stays with it, and as long as the Blair government with its huge majority

  1. Which of these two sources would a historian studying 'Bloody Sunday' find the more ...

    The historian could use both of these sources together to get a more accurate impression of the marchers and how they felt before and on 'Bloody Sunday'. c) Study source E Source E must be reliable because it is an eyewitness account.

  2. How useful are sources A, B, C and D to someone trying to find ...

    It would therefore have been impossible for the Widgery Report to state anything other than support for the army even if it was known otherwise (this is very unlikely) as this would have ruined its reputation throughout the world, it would have been made a mockery of.

  1. Northern Ireland - Bloody Sunday.

    They were not told about the IRA's "no shooting" promise. At 3.55pm one high-velocity shot rang out. The person that fired the shot is not known. No one was hit but it had a big effect on the Paras. Moments later General Robert Ford urged his forces into action saying: "Go on, No.

  2. How valuable are sources 1,5,6,7,8,9 in explaining the events of bloody Sunday?

    The fact that some "Firing bordered on reckless" yet there was no breakdown in discipline seems impossible. The report also says "each soldier was his own judge of whether he had identified a gunman," again, this is not how the Paratroopers are supposed to act, they have always stated that 'In urban combat, communication is the key.'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work