• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how far the history of PortchesterCastle fits with the history of castle building.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

By Sabina Chan Explain how far the history of Portchester Castle fits with the history of castle building. Portchester Castle was built in the third century AD. It was known as a Saxon Shore Fort and one of the largest. The castle was situated by the sea, and was used as protection, mainly to stop the Saxons from invading the land, when England was under the control of Rome. The fort was originally built by the Romans to protect the coast and harbour of the Roman Channel fleet against the Saxons. Its walls are approximately 10 feet thick and were originally 20 feet high. The semi-circular projecting bastions were designed to withstand heavy artillery, also would have made the fort much easier to defend, as they would have provided 360o protection and a good position for archers. During the dark ages it was used as one of King Alfred's strongholds in defence of Wessex. The castle did consist of 20 bastions, but now there only 16. Also they had crenulations on the walls, these were used for defence. The archers would fire arrows on the on coming enemies. There would have also would have been many army barracks inside the fort. The Romans also made a large ditch or moat around the curtain wall as another obstacle for attackers. ...read more.

Middle

They are separated by a ditch except which runs around the inner ring except in the south where there is a reservoir. The inner fortress was used as the crusader castle. The entrance has a wide ramp and a vaulted passage that leads you to the outer ring and on to a platform that links to the inner castle. Large taluses were added to the southwest and east sides to strengthen the outer wall and to make it earthquake resistant. There is a small chapel to the east of the entrance that was transformed into a mosque by Baibars, and of that mosque remains a mihrab and three minbars. Opposite the chapel are three powerful towers that strengthen the south wall. The weakest of the towers was occupied by the Master. After the Norman Conquest in 1066, the site began to change. In 1128 the Romans wall was rebuilt and moats were dug around the south-west entrance. In 1148 a two storey keep was built and the curtain wall enclosed the inner bailey. The keep was a typical feature of the motte and bailey castle. These would have a large hill, which the keep was built on, and a large area of flat land below, which be a small village with housing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Portchester Castle has gone through a lot. From around 280 it was used as a Roman Fort to protect the coast. In around 904 the castle became a fortified burgh used by the Saxons as defence against Viking raiders. In 1120, the site was converted into a castle and held by the king as a royal palace. During the 17th, 18th and 19th century, the site was a prison during many wars and also used as a store. In the 19th century the castle became a loyal beauty spot. The castle is now owned by the English Heritage. During this time, the site had under gone many changes to make it look the way we see it now. There is no doubt that the castle has seen many historical events, and from this we can see which of its features are typical of other castles at the time, and which are not. As well was why and how historical events might have taken place, and affected the way the castle has changed. Through many periods of time, the castle has been very similar to others which remain today, but more recently from around 1500 AD, when Henry VIII founded Royal Dockyard, it was still used for lower quay events and a s a prison. However, a lot of work was still done on the site during this time in order to improve the appearance of the castle. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Culture Wars: Forster's A Passage To India

    Also, Toward the end of the book, when the people are engaged in a Hindu religious celebration, the British and Muslims are invited to join. By participating in the religious celebration those who choose to join in are behaving in a manner that is antithesis to the norms of their native land.

  2. How And Why Has Dover Castle Changed Since The Roman Period?

    He also filled every available space in the castle with storerooms and barracks. Twiss then constructed the cliff barracks underground. He was also overseeing the construction of vast fortifications in Western Heights, but all these modernizations were taking place when the French Invasion was expected.

  1. Evaluate the arguments for and against oral history as an historical method.

    A major problem for not only oral history, but history in general is the issue explored by York (1993), being that even if a historian decides use evidence located in government archive, they can often be restricted to access as all recorded lyrical, visual and written information is subject to 'sentencing'.

  2. Kenilworth Castle - Site Analysis********

    Also, attackers would find it impossible to place ladders close enough to the walls, due to the sloping foundations. This is leisters building and the keep. When I visited the castle, I compared the two buildings. The keep had very thick walls - up to 3 metres in some areas.

  1. How far is it possible to say when Wollaton hall was built?

    She would of certainly wanted to visit a comfortable house, built decoratively and in style. The three of which, Wollaton hall has. Wollaton halls grounds were used in the years immediately after the hall was built. Willoughby already owned a large area of parkland in which he used to start building his new home.

  2. How far was the monarchy responsible for its own downfall in September 1792? Explain ...

    The power of Paris passed to elected representatives. In a ripple like effect, stories of what had happened in Paris spread out to the provences, similar ideas were adopted passing authority to local figures. Peasants started to take action, ransacking estates and stealing grain stores from landlords.

  1. Kenilworth Castle

    The source that shows that castles were used as defence with all the developments I have said is shown in source 11. The sources that show the developments of castles are sources 8 & 9. The reliability of source 11 is not very reliable but from my own knowledge the siege of 1266 did occur.

  2. The Third Crusade seen from different sides

    deeds of my brave troops, once so boastful?? when he was not present there at that time, however he was present at the time when he was fighting against the Saracens (Muslims) so we cannot completely trust this source, though this Source can be useful, as he is trying to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work