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Explain how Hitler and the Nazi Party exerted total control over the lives of German people from 1933-1945

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Introduction

Year 10 VCE History Explain how Hitler and the Nazi Party exerted total control over the lives of German people from 1933-1945. Olivia Tran 10B "In Germany, they came first for the Communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time no one was left to speak up." ~ Martin Niemoeller Introduction During 1933-43, the Nazi party lead by Adolph Hitler has arguably total control over Germany. This was suggested by the few attempts of public resistance to Nazi policy, the non-existence of political groups opposing policies, and the lack of attempts to overthrow the government. Hitler exerted total control over the lives of the German people through the restriction of legal rights, propaganda, rewards and punishment. Propaganda was essential to Nazi Germany; it influenced the minds of many people but most the youth. ...read more.

Middle

The Strength Through Joy (KDF) gave holidays, cruises, tickets and benefits to workers who performed well. Women who gave birth to six or more children were given gold medals and privileges. The boost in the birth rate would eventually in the long term increase Germany's population. Many men who found shame in unemployment13 found joys as Hitler made projects and jobs for people. Those who opposed Hitler were often tortured and killed. The Gestapo knew everything. There was fear for some, but most men and women found that they had a good life if they followed Hitler. Married couples were given loans which did not have to be paid back if they had a large family. Men and Women found reward and punishment. German Jews The lives of Jews were made the most difficult during 1933-45. Jewish shops were looted. Synagogues burnt. The prosecution of Jews was called Anti-Semitism. It intensified after the communist and social democrats were gone. The Jews became the scapegoats for anything that bad that happened in Germany. After the first phrase14, the second phrase15, and Kristallnacht16; riots were held across the country, targeted at Jewish homes. ...read more.

Conclusion

12: Education was controlled by the government and the government required every classroom to contain a portrait of Hitler. Purges were held to rid schools and educational institutions of teachers and professors who were seen as enemies to the party. School textbooks were designed to show the wickedness of the Jews and the superiority of the Aryan race. The goal was to make sure that the Youth were taunt only that the Nazi wanted and believed. The curriculum was composed of four components: Leadership, Military Training, Race and Religion. Race; accentuate the importance of German traditions and the racial classes with the Jews as the lowest of classes (racist and anti-Semitism). 13: Unemployment in Germany dropped, from 6million in 1933 to 300,000 in 1939. 14: The first phrase of Anti-Semitism was the boycotting of Jewish businesses and the burning of books. 15: The second phrase, when the Nuremberg Law was passed, Jews denied in professional work, the right to learn in universities and schools gone, forbidden to own property, and marriages forbidden between Jews and Aryans. 16: Kristallnacht was the next step, on October 27, 18,000 Jews were expelled from Germany. 17: By the end of 1942, 20,000 people a day were being murdered in Auschwitz - the most notorious of the camps ...read more.

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