• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how India's campaign for independence changed as a result of World War 1?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

4th October 2003 Explain how India's campaign for independence changed as a result of World War 1? The First World War had a huge impact upon relations between Britain and India. India's campaign for independence had become more confident and well supported by the end of the war. Some of the reasons for this change were the creations of the Home rule and the Lucknow Pact, and unpopular reforms such as the Rowlatt Acts and the government of India Acts 1919. To start however, it's important to look at India's actual contribution during the war India's contribution to the war was by giving 1.25 million Indians who volunteered to fight the war. India also helped by giving cotton and other raw materials when it was needed therefore the Indians suspected they may win mighty changes from the Indian government. ...read more.

Middle

The British thought the Indians wanted something in return so they introduced two houses for India. About five million of the wealthiest Indians were given the right to vote (a very small percentage (2.8%) of the total population).Within the Indian government, minister of education, health and public works could now be Indians National. The Indians Increased in their hopes so on 20th August 1917 Sir Montagu the secretary of India. This was for Indian to have more say as the Viceroy; Lord Chelmsford toured India in 1917-18 to listen to the local peoples opinions. The war lead to lot of food shortages and price rising, so this lead to outbreaks and violence's which was most serious in Punjab so the Indians were in charge of arresting without trial and Jury this was called the Rowlatt Acts were formed. ...read more.

Conclusion

However poor crop yields, which contributed to the deaths of many Indians between 1918-1919, prompted England to pass the Rowlatt Acts, which allowed the government to punish dissenters and rabble-rousers without the use of juries (indeed, sometimes even without trials). Such an act of Imperialistic tyranny spurned much anti-British sentiment in the twenties and thirties, the most famous example being Mahandas Gandhi's organization of passive-resistance campaigns. While the efforts of Gandhi and his followers did effect swift political change (The Government of India Act was passed later in 1919), the marginal increase in India's provision for self-rule did not satisfy those who had been disenchanted with the destructive force of England's colonization. In addition to the actions of Mahandas Gandhi the Indians began to reshape the view that many Indians took concerning there role in the "British Empire." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Gallic war

    Caesar used this as an excuse to attack the Helvetti; they were defeated and returned to their original homeland. - Caesar then turned his attention to the German tribe led by King Ariovistus; this tribe had begun to make alliances with other Gallic tribes (Seubi and Sequari).

  2. History: India Independence Coursework

    Nehru is explaining the unfairness of the way Britain is ruling India, and in source C, Jinnah explains his views about the British. In source B, Jawarhal Nehru explains how the 'viceroy...a foreigner, could plunge four hundred millions of human beings into war without the slightest reference to them'.

  1. Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War.

    As shown in Source D, it becomes very clear and apparent that the Indians attitudes to the British and the British's attitudes to the Indians were very diverse. The British are shown as almost cocky as they expected "a certain standard or courtesy and politeness" from the Indians.

  2. Culture Wars: Forster's A Passage To India

    Thus, the presentation of the three sections demonstrates a difference in the mystical approach to life between the two cultures. The fact that there is a difference between the two cultures demonstrates they will have difficulty connecting as far as the idea of mysticism goes.

  1. sufferage campaign

    Women were also able to divorce their husbands in much easier grounds and were given the right to regard for their children and even claim for maintenance for themselves and their children if they separated from their husband. These new laws in some ways were a step forward as they gave women some rights within marriage and divorce.

  2. Indian Independence (IS)

    Besides borrowing money and using troops from India, Britain also slightly increased taxes collected in India to help finance the war. The fact every person in India had to pay taxes, shows that everyone in India had contributed to the war effort and had helped Britain significantly during the war.

  1. Liberal Reforms (1906-1914)

    Diseases and illnesses could now be identified on children, however it was flawed as the problems would be identified but didn't always need to be treated or attended to. This was until a grant was given in 1912 to set up school clinics.

  2. The events of 1857-8 are extremely significant and have changed India dramatically into the ...

    We see that the Indians were portrayed as vulnerable and weak as the British took over. Furthermore, the British broke their own policy, the Doctrine of Lapse by taking over the city since the deceased prince did have an adopted son.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work