• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework part 2: Explain how Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union Stalin was able to hold onto his power as leader of the Soviet Union for a substantial amount of time. There were a number of contributing factors which enabled him to do so, each equally helping Stalin to control the country, A variety of political methods were some of the means available to him and he took full advantage of these in order to stay in control. The purges and show trials was definitely factors that were inaugural in keeping Stalin in power and helping him in keeping his country under control. One of Stalin's aim was to control his people to such an extent that they would be afraid to even think of opposing him. The purges were definitely one way of keeping the country under control. They began in 1934, when Segei Kirov, the leader of the Leningrad and a potential rival was murdered. ...read more.

Middle

In the 1930's, the average citizen would admire Stalin. This continued with education, where schoolchildren would be indoctrinated with Stalinist propaganda. There were statues and portraits everywhere. Stalin used propaganda to censor opposition such as writers and artists whom he deemed as "dangerous." He censored writers' books and articles before they were released. He demanded that artists produced work which glorified his achievements, exaggerating his successes and therefore being blatant propaganda. Propaganda was an important reason in Stalin keeping control because it helped the image of Stalinism. Stalin was being portrayed as an almighty hero and the propaganda was the instigator. The propaganda and the cult of personality also link to collectivisation and the invaluable contribution of the five-year plans. This is because they were all forms of Stalin trying to keep control of his country. The whole principle of the five-year plans was to modernise Russia. For these five-year plans to be success full, Stalin needed to modernise Russia's agriculture, this was vital because the population of the industrial centres were growing rapidly. ...read more.

Conclusion

Rationing was introduced and safety standards began to be ignored. However, the plans undoubtedly transformed Russia from the backward agricultural nation it was into modernised state. Collectivisation and the five-year plans coincided to help Stalin stay in power as he had achieved what he set out to do and many people praised him because of it. Overall, I feel that the reasons for why Stalin was able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union are equally important as they all link together and if one did not happen the others would not have taken place. They all played an adamant part in Stalin holding on to power. The purges and show trials were instigated with the secret police and were both vital in helping Stalin remove opposition. The show trials and the police were widely publicised and were part of the huge propaganda campaign which Stalin used to portray himself as a god-like character, exaggerating and glorifying his achievements. Stalin was praised for the work he had achieved and had it not been for the reasons above all playing their part, Stalin may never had stayed in power of the Soviet Union for the amount of time that he did. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    farmers would be able to keep more crops themselves and would make more money from selling it. During the 1930's living standards rose. As many people in Russia were moved into new houses and flats, their lives were greatly improved as it made them a lot more comfortable and they all had running water, heating etc.

  2. Was Stalin a Disaster For the Soviet Union?

    He set about eliminating anyone who could oppose him and with his secret police set about killing anyone who was seen or heard conspiring against Stalin. The Great Purges was the cherry on the top of Stalin's reign of Terror...

  1. Stalin and the Five-Year Plans.

    Stalin was very ingenious in planning that the cities were situated on the West of the country so that the West was less likely to get attacked by countries like China. In addition, extravagant projects were visualized to display the might of the new Soviet industrial machine.

  2. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    Nonetheless Stalin did prove to be a very effective military leader and was able to quickly regain initiative in the war. A crucial decision made by Stalin was for the large-scale movement of the war industry to the east as this sustained the Red Army's war machine with astonishing success.

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    in his speech in 1931, "All have beaten her because of her military, industrial and agricultural backwardness". Meanwhile, when the first Five Year Plans were under way in 1929, the laid back Russian public began to criticise the rapid speed of industrialisation.

  2. Stalin and the Five Year Plans

    This was fourteen times the amount of coal a miner was expected to mine by himself in one shift. Of course this story was a set up, but it worked incredibly well as propaganda. Many workers looked up to Stakhanov and worked harder than they ever had to try and earn the prestigious award of being named a Stakhanovite.

  1. Was terror the main reason why Stalin kept power in the Soviet Union?

    on e was able to stop him doing so therefore he was able to get them out of the way. Stalin also did the show trials because if another country stepped in and said that he was not ruling the country right then he could say that he was giving them a "fair" trial which, of course, he was not.

  2. To what extent were the sufferings of the Soviet people in the 1930s a ...

    Also the famine caused by Stalin left many dead. But some good did come out of it. Now Russia was making some money from exports. New farming methods were being given a chance. This helped Russia improve its farming. Also, the second time collectivisation was done, people got to keep a bit of land for themselves.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work