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Explain how the autocracy (Tsar) managed to emerge from the events of 1905 unscathed.

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Introduction

Explain how the autocracy (Tsar) managed to emerge from the events of 1905 unscathed. It would be true to say that the Tsar remained unscathed after 1905, as he remained on the throne until 1917. However, it would also be true to say that the Tsar was permanently damaged by the 1905 revolution. Before 1905, there was much unrest and discontent. Famines in 1897, 1898 and 1901, made the already struggling countryside even worse, and the usually loyal peasantry held uprisings in two provinces in 1902. The Russo-Japanese war caused further unrest following a series of defeats, including that of Port Arthur. This caused revolutionary outbreaks to spread rapidly throughout Russia and gave way for various Liberal groups to press for their demands for a representative system of government. Peasants, middle classes, national minorities and the urban working class were all angry at the present system of government and the policies it held. All of these people wanted change. The news of defeat in the Far East caused a wave of spontaneous strikes throughout Russia. 105,000 workers were on strike by the 22nd January. All of these issues of discontent were brought to a head on 22nd January 1905, also known as Bloody Sunday. ...read more.

Middle

This satisfied the Liberals and divided them from the workers in the Soviet. The government was then able to suppress the revolution. The leaders of the Soviet were arrested and a rising in Moscow was brutally suppressed. By April 1906 the Tsarist government was back in control and some 15,000 people had been killed. Even though the Tsar managed to remain on the throne, he never fully recovered from the events of 1905. He had lost a lot of support in this and the proceeding years of 1905, which he would never regain. Nicolas II managed in wooing back some of his lost support with new promises and legislations. This simply showed the Revolutionaries that violence has achievements, leaving way for more violence in the future. The fact that Nicolas II managed to keep his throne was remarkable. However, the only reasons he was not overthrown were that; the Revolutionaries were not united, so eventually the Tsar was able to split the liberals from the socialists, there was no central leadership, the strikes and peasant uprisings were spontaneous and not organized, Lenin and other revolutionary leaders were in exile abroad and arrived too late to influence events, at the critical moment the Tsar made concessions in the October manifesto and for most part, the army and navy remained loyal. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had reestablished support from the middle classes and with improved conditions and back pay ensured the loyalty of the soldiers. The Russo-Japanese war was a diversion of attention from the economic depression at home, but the rising prices and shortages of goods made anger towards this war expand. The Tsar was damaged by the Russo-Japanese war, as much support was lost after the terrible defeats. The St.Petersburg Soviet was powerful and influential and was a great threat to the Tsar and the autocracy. Some historians may argue that the 1905 revolution had no effect on the Tsar as he remained in power until 1917, and he abdicated because of several reasons, many which were not connected to 1905 at all. However, I believe that the 1905 revolution had few short-term effects, but was damaging to the Tsar in the long-term. The main reasons that the autocracy managed to emerge from the events of 1905 unscathed are that the Tsar had very good ministers such as Witte, which would help the Tsar to pass legislation, which would regain control. Moreover, the revolutionaries were not channeled and they were unorganized. However this revolution was an indication of the power of the people and it can be said that it was a dress rehearsal for the February and October Revolutions of 1917. Amy Knighting 12JB 1 ...read more.

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