• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Nazi persecution of the Jews and other minorities considering minorities show how persecution developed?

Extracts from this document...


Explain Nazi persecution of the Jews and other minorities considering minorities show how persecution developed? Hitler and the Nazis believed that the German people were the master race. The Germanic racial group was superior to all other groups. The ideal Aryan was tall with blonde hair and blue eyes, and Hitler was frequently photographed with men and women who fitted this model. Pride in one's racial background is a natural and common phenomenon, but the Nazis took this belief to extreme lengths. Race farms were set up, where carefully selected women were mated with ideal males in a form of selective breeding to produce super Germans. Not only did they believe that their race was best, but they believed that others were inferior human beings Jews, eastern Europeans and blacks were Untermenshen who were not worthy of respect. Even before Hitler came to power, he had set out racial views in Mein Kampf and in speeches and Nazi literature. The Jews were not only an inferior race, but they had also joined with communists to undermine Germany's efforts in the First World War. ...read more.


Large numbers of Jews decided to emigrate form Germany-in the 1930s, half the German Jewish population left the country. Many others felt they could not leave their homeland and hoped that things would not get worse. But in 1938 they did. A Jewish student shot dead a German diploma in the embracing in Paris. The authorities in Germany reacted by ordering widespread attacks on Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues. In this Kristallnacht, 8000 Jewish homes and shops were attacked, and synagogues were burned to the ground. Over a hundred Jews were killed and thousands were sent to concentration camps. When he heard of the cost to German insurance companies of all the damage, one leading Nazi is reported to have said, "We should have smashed fewer windows and more heads." Kristallnacht was followed by a new set of Anti Semitic laws. The Jewish community had to pay one billion marks for the murder of the diplomat in Paris. Jews were no longer allowed to run businesses and Jewish children were banned from school. ...read more.


Some were later used in medical experimentation. People of Eastern Europe descent also received harsh treatment at the hands of the Nazis, who considered them work-shy vagrants. They too lost their citizenship in Nuremberg Maws and had to live on specially designated sites. If they refused they were sent to concentration camps. Many people labelled gypsies were sterilised. During the Second World War, they suffered the same fate the Jews. Even tramps and beggars were dealt with severely. Up to half a million of them were rounded up and put into labour camps. Many of them were also sterilized. In 1933 the Nazis passed a law to saw that all mentally disabled people should be compulsorily sterilised. In 1939 a euthanasia programme was introduced against mentally and physically disables Germans. Some 70,000 adults and 5000 children were put to death by lethal injection, gassing or starvation. Disabled people simply did not fit in with Nazi views on the master race. Nazi propaganda was used to persuade people that euthanasia for the disabled and for anyone that was the stereotypical German was a good thing. Sarah Allymohamed ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Describe how Jews were persecuted in the twentieth century before the Holocaust.

    enough to escape from Nazi Germany just in time with his family. At the end of the holocaust he said he had more faith in God. Even more than he did before because he saved him. Also, God was someone to turn to after such a terrible time.

  2. Explain why the Nazis persecuted the Jews and other minorities and then, considering one ...

    That was popular with the German people, and local councils welcomed it. Gypsies were persecuted cruelly, although they had been stared down ahead for years because of their vernacular, way of life, society and looks. They were the opposite of the ideal Aryan race- dark features, instead of blond, and

  1. Why was opposition to Nazi persecution of minorities so unsuccessful in the years 1933-45?

    The reason why Hitler had gained the trust in the German people when failing to do before was because he effectively ended the "Treaty of Versailles". The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty, yet it totally left Germany feeling humiliated as the German people lost 13 per cent of

  2. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    Prejudice and animosity toward Gypsies were then and still are widespread across where hte Gypsies are present and have settled. The Gypsies were normally seen as old fashioned folk who could not keep up with the modern times with their traditional ways (sources 35 + 36).

  1. Why did Nazi Policies towards the Jews and other minorities in Germany become increasingly ...

    The boycott was not successful as there was little public support and it was called off after one day. In April Hitler also passed a number of laws. There was The Law for the Restoration of Civil Service where Jews were banned from employment in the Civil Service.

  2. Treatment of Ethnic Minorities by Nazi Germany

    He believed that the growth of Democracy in Europe was because of Jewish lies. Immediately after the Nazi takeover in 1933. Gobbels and Julius Streicher began to act violently against the Jews openly. Gangs of brown shirts physically attacked Jews on the street and smashed their houses.

  1. How far was the Nazi Euthanasia Programme based on racial purity theories?

    Propaganda was used to suggest the idea of the 'worthless life' being a 'burden on society' edging all the time toward the implementation of the euthanasia programme. In the late 19th Century, German intellectuals such as Alfred Ploetz called for state intervention to prevent what they perceived as the beginnings

  2. Explain the different ways in which Jews across Europe responded to Nazi persecution during ...

    In November they were joined by Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist and family friend of the family. All 8 people hid in safety until they were betrayed, their position given away and on August 4th 1944 they were all arrested. Anne her sister Margo and her mother Edith were taken to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work