• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the changes in the status and position of European Jews between 1880 and 1920.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the changes in the status and position of European Jews between 1880 and 1920 Anti Semitism in Europe was very established in Europe, as from the medieval period, Jews were seen as Christ killers. Anti Semitism was religious discrimination, but in the period we are studying, this changed into racial discrimination. In the late nineteenth century, Jews in France and Germany were treated fairly. The French Revolution in 1789 emancipated French Jews, and German Jews were emancipated through the Reich, when Germany was unified in 1870. In both countries, the Jewish people were assimilated. Jews in these countries were native spoken, so they did not stand out from locals. This situation in Germany and France was very different to in Russia. Russian Jews were restricted to living in the 'Pale', which was in Poland and Ukraine. Only some escaped living in the 'Pale', professionals who were useful for Russians, doctors, dentists and Pharmacists. ...read more.

Middle

The Russians liked this idea, as the Jews were leaving their country to go somewhere else. They saw France and Germany as being not Anti Semitic, and thought that their lives would be better in these countries. This was not the case. In France and in Germany, Jews were assimilated. Jews were not distinguishable from ordinary natives. The Jews that moved into these countries were Orthodox Jews who did not speak the native language. This made the Jews stick out. Anti Semitism increased, as the Jews did not try to fit in. When something went wrong, they stood out and were easy to target as scapegoats. At this time in France and also in Germany, there was a period of serious economic depression. The immigrants fit people's popular stereotypes, this proved their point, and gradually Anti Semitism was increasing in Europe at this time. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1917 was the first of the Revolutions in Russia. A provisional Government ruled Russia they emancipated all Jews, and all discriminatory laws were repealed. The Jews were now joyous, as this was what they had been waiting for. The Weimar Republic treated Jews as before the War. They remained full citizens and some still served at highest levels, Hugo Preuss was the Interior Minister and he drafted the Constitution. The Treaty of Versailles increased some Anti Semitism in Germany, and as the Germans had to accept War Guilt, this was passed onto Jews. There was not that much Anti Semitism, it was still only on the fringes of society, but it was still visible. The Treaty of Versailles created Poland; their Government was Anti Semitic. The Atheist state of Poland discouraged all religions. By the end of this period in France, Jews were treated averagely in France; Anti Semitic undercurrents remained, mainly in army and diplomatic areas. Word Count - 800 words Edward Amoroso ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. The Jews 1880 to the Present Day

    The Crusaders were Christian's travelling from Northern Europe to Jerusalem to fight in the Holy War. On the way they stopped at towns around Europe and massacred many Jews, in some cases the Archbishop of that town tried to stop the Crusaders, only to fail.

  2. Describe how Jews were persecuted in the twentieth century before the Holocaust.

    enough to escape from Nazi Germany just in time with his family. At the end of the holocaust he said he had more faith in God. Even more than he did before because he saved him. Also, God was someone to turn to after such a terrible time.

  1. During the 19th century the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as ...

    he tried to make living better for the Jews. He let Jews, favoured by the authorities live outside the Pale Settlement. Special benefits were granted to Jews who graduated from Russian high schools. Jewish youngsters were encouraged to attend schools and assimilate into Russian way of life. However this did not mean that the Jews of Russia were free from all restrictions.

  2. Anti -Semitism

    Also the source also states that the author wrote this when he was in exile this could have quite a large affect on the usefulness of the source depending on how long the author had been in exile before he wrote the source in December 1935.

  1. How did the status and position of Jews change in the European countries Russia, ...

    the plan had too many problems and by 1889 lots of money had been lost. It was found the money had been used to bribe politicians into supporting the canal in public. Then it was found many of the businessmen involved were Jewish.

  2. What is the tradition of animosity between racial groups in Europe during the Twentieth ...

    Even when people found out about this it was not spread widely and people quickly put it out of their heads. Adolf Hitler when questioned about whether he would be able to get away with his genocide of the Jews, replied with, "Who ever remembers the Armenians?"

  1. Status and Position of Jews in Germany

    needed to pass the enabling ac which would vote democracy out of existence in Germany and establish the legal dictatorship of Adolf Hitler. The vote was taken and Hitler succeeded, democracy had ended and Hitler now had absolute control and for the first time in Hitler's rule he turned his

  2. Explain the status and position of European Jews in the beginning of the 20th ...

    and Sigmund Freud (who established psychoanalysis); these are only a few of some renowned Jews that lived during that era. One third of noble prizewinners were German Jews. But under society, Jews were still classed the inferior race and under Hitler's regime, to be effacingly cleansed from the earth.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work