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Explain the degree to which the year’s c1925-1929 were a time of economic and political stability for the Weimar Republic.

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Introduction

Explain the degree to which the year's c1925-1929 were a time of economic and political stability for the Weimar Republic. The question above, still creates great debate to this very day, so to be able to answer it fully, I will look at both Stabilising and De-stabilising factors which affected the Weimar Republics economy and politics during the period between 1925-1929. During the Period Gustav Stresemann was the foreign minister (appointed in 1923, after being Chancellor until having lost the Reichstags confidence by November 1923), and a good foreign minister was essential in bringing economic stability (and to a certain degree political stability) to the Weimar republic. By being able to revise the Treaty of Versailles (by expelling reparations), Stresemann would be able to reduce the public hatred towards the republic for its acceptance of the Versailles Treaty, this revision would also help the Republic by giving it the chance to become stable, help re-build the country, and bring success and power to Germany. Stresemanns foreign policy, accepted that Germany was in no position to challenge the allies militarily and revise the treaty of Versailles by force. His strategy was known as fulfilment. This policy entailed negotiation because the lack of military power that Germany had, gaining the confidence of the Western powers and ending Germany's diplomatic isolation, using Germany's economic ...read more.

Middle

To them Stresemann concessions achieved little because Germany still remained occupied and disarmed, even the Young plan was opposed because it confirmed that Germany still had to pay reparations. Stresemann was only not trusted by the majority on the left, as he was national liberal who liked the idea of a republic. Although most historians are divided over how successful Stresemann's policy was in making gains, most accept that he failed to strengthen significantly the Weimar regime. There is also considerable evidence, that his policy failed to Rally Germans to favour the new regime, because the concessions he gained were not sufficiently dramatic. Although Germanys economic problems were gradually being resolved, and Hyperinflation had been brought into control with the introduction of the Rentenmark, the problem still remained that the foreign loans that Germany was receiving to help build up its economy, and to help stabilise the country would all eventually have to be paid back, so this was only a short-term solution for economic stability. Such political difference as shown with Stresemann who was hated by both left and right wing helps highlight the political differences' and in-stability at the time. However after 1923 politics was starting to become comparatively stable compared to the previous years, there were no attempted coups, from either right or left wing, between 1924-1929, and no major political figures were assassinated. ...read more.

Conclusion

With all this evidence, I believe that the economy was returning to normal, and was stabilising, how-ever this was with the aid of foreign loans, which meant that this stability was a "forged" one, as the loans would have to be paid back, and either at worst de-stabilise the economy, or severely hinder the progression of Germany. I believe Stresemann made a vital contribution to the progression of Germany during this period, although he did fail in winning people over to the idea of a republic, he did manage to make Germany a recognised power, and transformed it from being a distrusted out-cast to being actively involved in European diplomacy, and by gaining the confidence of Western powers, helped to end Germanys diplomatic isolation. The so-called "political stability" of 1924-8 only appeared stable in comparison to the turmoil of 1918-23, where there had been a over-whelming number of Weimar governments, and political assassinations and attempted coups were on the increase. Such attempted revolts, seized past 1923, and helped to make the period of 1925-1929 relatively stable. How-ever I believe that deep down in the ranks of Weimar government, it still remained un-stable but was increasing beginning to stabilise, but looked relatively stability, when compared to the very politically un-stable previous years. How-ever we will never know, if the Weimar government was beginning to stabilise, as the Wall Street crash, and the depression helped to end the Weimar Republic. ...read more.

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