• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the Differing Reactions of People in Britain to the Policy of Evacuating Children during the Second World War

Extracts from this document...


Explain the Differing Reactions of People in Britain to the Policy of Evacuating Children during the Second World War During the Second World War, the policy of evacuation touched many people's lives. Not only were children affected by evacuation, but also the hosts who allowed them to stay with them during the war and the others who were evacuated, including teachers and the blind and disabled. At the time of the war, there were distinct class divisions and evacuated children and their hosts would have sometimes quarrelled as they both had different mindsets of morals, manners and etiquette. These differences caused a wide variety of reactions from people during the evacuation. When war was declared on the 1st September 1939, there was a mass evacuation of all the target areas as people thought that their children were at risk. The Government produced propaganda posters and broadcast on the radio advertising this Government scheme. Millions of children were evacuated and for a brief period of time, the parents were satisfied knowing their children were away from harm. However, no bombs were fired during the first year of the war and so parents began to believe that the cities were safe and asked for their children to return to them. This meant that when the Blitz began in September 1940, many children had returned and so when the city was deemed too unsafe by their parents, some children were sent back. ...read more.


The hosts that took children in came from a large range of social backgrounds from the very poor to the peers. Families from every background volunteered to take evacuees into their home as they believed that they were helping their country with the war effort and saving the children from harm. Working class hosts often struggled with feeding all the people as they had very little to spend and so an extra person would have pushed their limited budget. As stated above, to make up for this addition to their family, the evacuees in working-class host families were often expected to work their share. However, the opinions of the working-class hosts were often ones of praise for the evacuees. Middle-class families did not struggle as much with the finances, and after the initial adjustment by both the host and the evacuee, the majority of middle-class families enjoyed the company and entertainment the evacuees brought with them. The upper-class sometimes took large numbers of evacuees into their large homes as part of the war effort. These evacuees would often not see the actual host, i.e. the member of the upper-class, much at all during their evacuation as in the majority of cases; the evacuees were looked after by the servants of the house. ...read more.


Mrs. Dransfield is described as "extremely strict" and found Angela as "an intruder", whereas Mr. Dransfield is said to have loved Angela. Although the majority of the country embraced evacuation as a sign of patriotism and helping the war effort, there were some parents who refused to evacuate their children. An example of this is Source I where a father does not let his son be evacuated as they would send him to a place that couldn't feed its own population before the war. Another reason he gives is that if he died, there would be plenty of people to care for him in the town that are "family and friends". In conclusion, there were many different reactions to the policy of evacuation when it was announced. Whilst some people did not integrate with the new people in their lives, the majority of people involved with the evacuation process happily adjusted to their new way of life. For hosts, it was seen as the patriotic thing to do for their country and for the children it did not take long for them to get used to their new surroundings. However, there were some people who either disagreed with the policy or did not find the process enjoyable due to differences, either because of social gaps or because of a lack of commitment and enthusiasm to the cause. Page 1 of 4 Page 1 of 4 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    Its primary aim, therefore, was to protect the vulnerable and important from German bombing. So the first way to judge if evacuation was successful or not it to look at this aim. However, evacuation had several consequences, some which made it more of a success, some which made it less of a success.

  2. World war 1

    In his speech Haig says that it, 'All went according to plan', however as historians we know it didn't; thousands of men were killed by machine guns as tried to cut the wire. Source C can be trusted because it's an eye witness account; written by a man who was actually at the battle and knows what happened.

  1. Explain the differing reactions of people in Britain to the policy of evacuating children ...

    at this piece published in 1939 by the ministry of health: 'don't do it, mother leave them where they are' this piece of evidence demonstrates Hitler as a spiritual enemy in returning their children would be seen as playing into the Hitler's hands.

  2. Explain the differencing reactions /feelings of people in Britain to the policy of evacuating ...

    The community centres were the saviour for some of the mothers. The nurseries and schools gave mothers free time to have by themselves or to socialise with other mothers, bringing them happiness and comfort in an akward situation. Mothers who didn't go had time to work mainly building war materials

  1. Explain the different reactions of the British people to evacuation

    Lewis claims: "When the V1s came over, you heard the engine splutter and die out. There would be a short silence, followed by an almighty boom. Sometimes we would go out by the back door to see if we could spot them."

  2. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    It also says that their wages are sent to them while they are off and that they still get paid when they are off so that they do not concentrate on earning money. There is also another source written by Andrew Ure, a factory owner in 1835.

  1. Why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    at the time and the government desperately needed to save more lives. The source is also unreliable as I know that not all children were happy being evacuated and some were home sick or were abused.

  2. Free essay

    why do sources A to F differ in their attitudes to the evacuation of ...

    It portrays the evacuation of children as a negative. The purpose of the source means that it is quite reliable. But because it is a survey you can never be sure on the tonality of the way that the questions are put across, and also the kind of attitude that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work