• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland in 1967

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland in 1967 In Northern Ireland in the 1960's the attitude of many politicians had changed. The Catholics decided they wouldn't stand for the discrimination that they faced in everyday life, and the politicians agreed to put a stop to it. However, this stop to the discrimination was only partial and caused the Catholics to take matters into their own hands, and so they started a Civil Rights movement. The discrimination of the Catholics happened in all aspects of life; socially, economically and politically. Catholic schools were illegal schools until 1831. The British Government funded all schools except the Catholic schools. Catholics had separate housing to the Protestants; some streets were either strictly Protestant or Catholic. Those who lived in the wrong area were forced out. ...read more.

Middle

These on going horrid events only influenced the Catholics to do something about this, some decided to fight back in both physical ways others with political methods. Between the 1950's and 60's attitudes changed in Parliament after a new Unionist Prime Minister was employed, called Terence O'Neill. He was keen to end the unfair treatment of the Catholics by law. He promises them fair treatment but his promises were very slow in coming and so the NICRA (Northern Ireland Civil Right Association) movement started. The recent civil rights movements in France and America, that had made a difference in how their country was run, influenced the NICRA. The marches caused many scraps and big fights where the Police were still going by the "special powers" laws started attacking sometimes innocent and sometimes brutal protesters. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Catholics wanted the unfairness to stop and so they formed the NICRA, which caused many of the troubles by them marching and causing friction between the Catholics and the Protestants. Overall both sides are to blame; the Protestants for being so unfair in the law courts and the Catholics for fighting a guerilla warfare against the unionists, but that was because they saw it as the only option. The Unionists were scared of this so their only way of thinking was to fight back. They used the police to scare and provoke the Catholics and to stop attacking the Protestants, and to stay as they were in an unfairly treated life. Both the Catholics and the Protestants have very strong views about their faith and each other to make a compromise, and so it is likely that this conflict may go on for a very long time. Tom Paine 11d - 2 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    In 1969 The British Government sent the army into Northern Ireland to "Prevent a Civil War". Despite all the unfairness the Catholics had to deal with, this had not been necessary earlier. Many things changed between 1960 and 1969. Firstly before 1960 Catholics pursued peaceful methods, inspired by The American Civil Rights Movement, the Northern Ireland civil rights association began.

  2. Civil Rights in Northern Ireland Coursework

    Sources F and G only agree that the problem is presented by the Catholic community, the methods used to demonstrate this and the proposed solutions are completely different. 5. Study Sources H, I and J. All of these sources refer to a single city in Northern Ireland.

  1. Examine Synge's Treatment of the Theme of Escapism in,

    "I'll be burning candles from this out to the miracles of God that have brought you" Pegeen therefore escapes from loneliness and boredom, but also from a fianc´┐Ż whom she does not really loves, as is shown in the stage directions, and text.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    be left undefended, because they couldn't trust any of the forces of law and order. That was when people realized that this has changed from a civil rights campaign, into a campaign for existence. People on both sides--the Protestants who thought their very existence was now at stake, that their

  1. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources D to J to explain why the troubles ...

    Northern Ireland had now been given its own parliament and this was meant to look after Catholics as well as Protestants. This meant that they had more power and control. There are limitations to this are, Protestants ran the parliament and therefore Catholics could use violent schemes to have their own way if things don't go right.

  2. The emergence of Unionism

    Churchill promised Irish unioists that Britain would be there for them in their hour of need. His sentiment was important in birthing a solid commitment of the conservative party in Ireland. There was also of course electoral possibilities as stated; and Churchill played the orange card.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work