• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

Explain the extent to which Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state between 1933-1945.

Extracts from this document...


Explain the extent to which Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state between 1933-1945 World War one had a massive effect on Germany. The monarch collapsed, which led to the establishment of a democratic system which also collapsed and the polycratic government of the Nazi party who Changed the effects of the treaty of Versailles, and the course of history sending it deep into another World War. This essay will talk about, Hitler's polycratic and totalitarian leadership as the Fuhrer, and his powerful control over a nation. The definition of 'Totalitarian' will often contain the following characteristics. - The state is led by a dominating and often ruthless individual presiding over a single political party or group, with no opposition groups allowed. Although subordinates may have particular control over certain areas, Totalitarian leaders know all and decide all. - The people of the nation are subject to constant propaganda that hails the leader and are subject to terror that is governed by use of secret police. 1 This definition matches the Nazi government extremely well. It would be justified therefore to call Nazi Germany a totalitarian state, as the German people were subjects of propaganda and fear sparked by the secret police (Gestapo and SS). ...read more.


The Nazi Government changed Germany into a totalitarian state. There ruthless leadership, dominating leaders and control over all the people transformed Germany into a blood thirsty and ruthless country. The ideology of the master race (shown below) changed German attitudes to other cultures and races. The government's methods of control lay in - Propaganda - Force - Gestapo and SS - Education for indoctrination and fitness 4 The Nazis' objective was based on 'the Nazi Project'. This projects main idea was that all Germans were part of a 'master race' (Aryans); this master race would be a strong, racially pure 'Volksgemeinschaft', which translates to 'peoples community'. To achieve this they made Germany a totalitarian state, which is a state that tries to control what people do and think by use of force and propaganda. Hitler and Goebbels both knew that they had to make Hitler a cult figure to the German people. Goebbels was the Minister for Enlightenment and Propaganda. Goebbels made the German people believe Hitler was a God like figure by holding huge rallies where Hitler or Goebbels would show their power, by demonstrating the Army and showing their power with speeches, which captivated many. Books, newspapers, cinemas, posters and radios were also use the make Hitler seem like a God. With these techniques God-Like image of Hitler grew rapidly. ...read more.


Totalitarian societies are hierarchies dominated by one political party and usually by a single leader in this case being Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party. The party penetrated the entire country through regional, provincial, local organisation. Youth, professional, cultural, and sports groups supplement the party's political control. A paramilitary secret police the Gestapo, ensured compliance to the rules. Information and promotion of the God like images were used through the control of television, radio, the press and the educate system. 6 The Nazis changed Nazi Germany. This is explained in the following quote " the Nazis certainly tried to transform society. They set out to change the way people behaved and though. Their polices affected the most private spheres and denied many people basic freedoms such as the right to have children, the right to speak one's mind and even the right to live. However the degree to which the Nazis were successful is difficult to assess. Certainly life changed..." 7 In conclusion Germany was changed into a totalitarian state by the Nazi government during 1933-1945. This essay has talk about, Hitler's polycratic and totalitarian leadership as the Fuhrer, and his powerful control over a nation. It has used diagrams and quotes as evidence to discuss this topic. This essay has shown how Germany had changed from 1933-1945;it shows how the government went from a democratic structure to a polycratic and totalitarian structure of leadership. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. To what extent was Hitler a totalitarian dictator?

    be implemented quickly and those who were braking them would have less time to stop. 4. Contracts of the Reich with foreign states which affect matters of Reich legislation shall not require the approval of the bodies concerned with legislation.

  2. To what extent was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?

    His image as an infallible leader was kept, as he didn't get involved in faction fighting which came with this chaotic government. This lead to the people of Germany liking Hitler more than the actual party. When dealing with potential rivals he was certainly not weak.

  1. The Nazi Police State

    In April 1933, Hitler's SA organized, and passed a boycott against Jewish shops, goods, lawyers and doctors, alongside this, all Jewish civil service members were dismissed of duties. Also, the names of any Germans of who continued to use any of these Jewish services were published on posters for public viewing.

  2. Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?

    Snooping was encouraged many people told on their parents and close friends. The Nazis also frightened people through prosecutions, of the Jews and other people who were considered as minorities. Fear was one of the main reason there was little opposition to the Nazis during the years of Nazi rule, (See source 8).


    Contemporary composers like Richard Strauss and Carl Orff had ambivalent attitudes. They managed to coexist with the regime and produce work which outlived the Reich. In this sense the quality of the Reich's musical output was superior to the work of painters like Kampf and Ziegler, but the result was less distinctively Nazi.

  2. Explain how the following together contributed to Hitler's effective control over Germany 1933-1945:- i) ...

    Hitler is believed to have had a strong loathe of intellectualism, perhaps at what happened in his school and his grades because most of them were unsatisfactory and only two were excellent: Art and P.E. However, he did understand that education would play a vital task in his new country.

  1. To What Extent Was Nazi Germany a Totalitarian State 1933-1939?

    from falling prices since 1925 and found themselves in further debt as a result of the great depression. The collapse of the banking system in 1932 also led to the economic crisis. Source 6.1 on page 102 of Weimar and nazi Germany by John Hite and Chris Hilton 2000, illustrates

  2. How did Hitler turn Germany into a totalitarian state?

    One of Hitler's main activities of persuasion was his youth movement and the changes he made to the education. German schools were aimed towards educating every child to be a good Nazi.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work