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Explain the extent to which Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state between 1933-1945.

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Introduction

Explain the extent to which Germany was transformed into a totalitarian state between 1933-1945 World War one had a massive effect on Germany. The monarch collapsed, which led to the establishment of a democratic system which also collapsed and the polycratic government of the Nazi party who Changed the effects of the treaty of Versailles, and the course of history sending it deep into another World War. This essay will talk about, Hitler's polycratic and totalitarian leadership as the Fuhrer, and his powerful control over a nation. The definition of 'Totalitarian' will often contain the following characteristics. - The state is led by a dominating and often ruthless individual presiding over a single political party or group, with no opposition groups allowed. Although subordinates may have particular control over certain areas, Totalitarian leaders know all and decide all. - The people of the nation are subject to constant propaganda that hails the leader and are subject to terror that is governed by use of secret police. 1 This definition matches the Nazi government extremely well. It would be justified therefore to call Nazi Germany a totalitarian state, as the German people were subjects of propaganda and fear sparked by the secret police (Gestapo and SS). ...read more.

Middle

The Nazi Government changed Germany into a totalitarian state. There ruthless leadership, dominating leaders and control over all the people transformed Germany into a blood thirsty and ruthless country. The ideology of the master race (shown below) changed German attitudes to other cultures and races. The government's methods of control lay in - Propaganda - Force - Gestapo and SS - Education for indoctrination and fitness 4 The Nazis' objective was based on 'the Nazi Project'. This projects main idea was that all Germans were part of a 'master race' (Aryans); this master race would be a strong, racially pure 'Volksgemeinschaft', which translates to 'peoples community'. To achieve this they made Germany a totalitarian state, which is a state that tries to control what people do and think by use of force and propaganda. Hitler and Goebbels both knew that they had to make Hitler a cult figure to the German people. Goebbels was the Minister for Enlightenment and Propaganda. Goebbels made the German people believe Hitler was a God like figure by holding huge rallies where Hitler or Goebbels would show their power, by demonstrating the Army and showing their power with speeches, which captivated many. Books, newspapers, cinemas, posters and radios were also use the make Hitler seem like a God. With these techniques God-Like image of Hitler grew rapidly. ...read more.

Conclusion

Totalitarian societies are hierarchies dominated by one political party and usually by a single leader in this case being Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party. The party penetrated the entire country through regional, provincial, local organisation. Youth, professional, cultural, and sports groups supplement the party's political control. A paramilitary secret police the Gestapo, ensured compliance to the rules. Information and promotion of the God like images were used through the control of television, radio, the press and the educate system. 6 The Nazis changed Nazi Germany. This is explained in the following quote " the Nazis certainly tried to transform society. They set out to change the way people behaved and though. Their polices affected the most private spheres and denied many people basic freedoms such as the right to have children, the right to speak one's mind and even the right to live. However the degree to which the Nazis were successful is difficult to assess. Certainly life changed..." 7 In conclusion Germany was changed into a totalitarian state by the Nazi government during 1933-1945. This essay has talk about, Hitler's polycratic and totalitarian leadership as the Fuhrer, and his powerful control over a nation. It has used diagrams and quotes as evidence to discuss this topic. This essay has shown how Germany had changed from 1933-1945;it shows how the government went from a democratic structure to a polycratic and totalitarian structure of leadership. ...read more.

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