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explain the importance of the use of force in enabling the Tsarist regime to survive the 1905 Revolution

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Explain the importance of the use of force, in relation to other factors, in enabling the tsarist government to survive the Revolution of 1905. It could be claimed that the use of force before and after the Revolution of 1905 was the only reason that the autocratic system, led by the Tsar and his advisors, still ran the country after the Russian revolution of 1905 (by using such force to end it.) Sources A, B and C certainly support this theory, leading to the assumption that Nicholas II, proving his willingness to use force to put down even the slightest threat by the use of terrifying violence preceding the revolution, (the notorious 'Bloody Sunday' as described in Sources A and B prove that Nicholas II was open to use force, and did if he felt threatened) and then it comes as no surprise in Source C that when everything else seemed to be failing he readily brought it out again. But although force was used, Nicholas II, and his key advisors did not always resort to violence to solve their problems. ...read more.


to be an unprovoked attack whereas Source B gives a similar sequence of events but where the troops 'had to open fire' agreeing over the fact that violence was used, but the motives behind each differ. It is unsurprising therefore to hear in Source C that 'what finally brought the troubles to an end was the use of force' and we can now understand that Nicholas II would have had no problem with this. Perhaps the most significant and terrifying use of violence, excluding Bloody Sunday, was the use of troops to put down the St Petersburg Soviet and to crush those on strike in Moscow. Loyal troops were also sent into the countryside to restore law and order, which would have no doubt deterred them from their actions. But, Nicholas II did try, at first to subdue the rioting with peaceful methods. He re-appointed Witte as Prime Minister who advised him to make concessions, which he did with the October Manifesto. This allowed freedom of speech, freedom of the press, political parties became legal and an elected assembly was established (the Duma) ...read more.


Peasants could leave the Mir or commune and work on their own, and Redemption Payments were cancelled. Government land in Siberia was given to peasants who moved there. This satisfied peasants for the moment and was a non-violent method of calming the riots. Therefore, in conclusion, it can be said that although an undesirable and terrifying alternative, the force used by Nicholas II and his troops, proved to be a more effective solution to the rioting than the October Manifesto and Stolypin's repression. It actually resulted in the end of the Revolution. But this just leaves the question; to what extent did tsarism survive? The October Manifesto allowed the creation of an elected assembly, a small step towards democracy and reducing the influence of autocracy in Russia. Yet, although it seemed that autocracy was changing, in practice the Tsar's position and influence did not change that much. The Duma was introduced to bring an element of democracy to the Russian Government by allowing decisions to be made by an elected body of representatives but in reality this was not as effective as the Tsar had the power to reject or pass any bills he wanted, therefore undermining the Duma and having ultimate control of bills passed. ...read more.

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