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Explain the main aims of Hitler and the Nazi Party

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Coursework Question 1a - Explain the main aims of Hitler and the Nazi Party Hitler joined the Nazi party (then called the German Workers' Party) in September 1919. He had a talent for propaganda and public speaking, and in 1920 he was put in charge of propaganda for the party. At this point he changed the name of the party to the Nazi, or National Socialist German Workers', Party. By 1921 Hitler was strong enough to take over the leadership of the party. He created a flag for the party - the swastika (a symbol of Nazi purity) on a red background. His aim was now to make the party into a movement to overthrow the Weimar Republic, and so take over the government of Germany and set up a dictatorship. He drew up a 25 point programme to show the aims of the Nazi party. Later, he also wrote 'Mein Kampf' or 'My Struggle' which outlined these aims and described his dreams of a German Empire. ...read more.


Another of Hitler and the Nazis' aims was to defeat the Weimar Republic. The Weimar Republic was a democratic system of government. It consisted most importantly of a president, elected by the German public (men and women) every 7 years, and the Reichstag, the main legislative body. Members of the Reichstag were elected by proportional representation, and were taken from different political parties in the different electoral regions. However, the Weimar Republic was not very successful. Many of the German public did not want a democracy, but a strong central figure, such as the Kaiser had been, to help rebuild a strong Germany. Also, the Weimar Republic was seen as to blame for the Treaty of Versailles, and German people felt betrayed by them - a popular image was that the German army in particular had been 'stabbed in the back' when the Treaty of Versailles had been signed. The German people had been so angered and incensed by the Treaty that they called the members of the Weimar Republic who had signed it the 'November Criminals'. ...read more.


Hitler was strongly Anti-Semitic, regarding Jews as the lowest of all races, and using them as scapegoats for all of Germany's problems. He wanted to remove all Jews from positions of leadership in Germany, and to stop them from living in the German nation, as they were not of true German blood. This is shown by one of his 25 points, which translates as 'Only members of the nation may be citizens of the State. Only those of German blood, whatever be their creed, may be members of the nation. Accordingly, no Jew may be a member of the nation.' Eventually, Hitler wanted to eradicate the whole of the Jewish race completely. To preserve the purity of the German race, Hitler also wanted to prevent all immigration. These were the main aims of Hitler and the Nazi party, although they did have other intentions, such as educating gifted children at the state's expense, and sharing out land for the benefit of everyone. Their ideas were supported by a large majority of the German public, and eventually when they came into power in 1933, they managed to achieve most, if not all, of these aims. ...read more.

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