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Explain the main features of the New Deal

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Introduction

The New Deal Coursework Explain the main features of the New Deal In 1932 Roosevelt came to power. He aimed to invest government money in making America prosperous again after the depression years of Hoover. Roosevelt's main aims were to reduce unemployment and get Americans earning money again, to protect peoples savings, homes and livelihoods, to provide relief for the ill, the elderly and the unemployed and to get American industry and agriculture running once again. In his first hundred days in charge in charge Roosevelt worked tirelessly to transform America, using new laws, acts and the full power of the government to steer America out of the depression. His first objective was to restore Americans confidence in their banks. On his first day Roosevelt ordered that all banks had to be closed and be checked by government officials. Four days later 5000 'trustworthy' banks were allowed to reopen, some were even supported by government money. Roosevelt also introduced new rules and regulations to prevent another Wall Street crash from occurring. These measures were called the Emergency Banking Act and the Securities Exchange Commission. He spoke of the new regulations to Americans on the radio and he encouraged them to put their savings back into the backs, many followed his advice. ...read more.

Middle

They could not sell their goods and so as the demand fell so did the work force. The people looked to Hoover for help. He did nothing, he even blocked the Garner-Wagner Relief Bill, which would have created many jobs using congress money. As well as those who were unemployed there were many people living in poverty. Many of these people had lost everything in the Wall Street Crash or were farmers who had been hit hard by the depression. Many of these people lived in shantytowns known as 'Hoovervilles'. It seemed that under Hoover prosperity was not 'just around the corner'. However, Hoover did attempt to bring back the prosperity by cutting taxes to try and restart the economy. He persuaded business leaders not to cut wages, but Hoover and the Republicans did very little to help those suffering the most. Surely it was time for Roosevelt and the New Deal - the people agreed and in 1932 Roosevelt was elected. He would introduce the New Deal to solve the problems of unemployment and poverty. Roosevelt's New Deal was introduced to show the people that he had a radically different view of the government's role in American society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Others who criticised the New Deal were Dr. Francis Townsend and Catholic Priest Father Coughlin who founded the National Union for Social Justice. Whilst some thought that not enough was being done many felt the New Deal did too much. Many of these critics were business leaders and Republicans. Some of their complaints were that the New Deal was too complicated. They also believed the government should not interfere with business. Roosevelt was accused of behaving like a dictator and some people felt that America was no longer democratic. They were also upset that people who were working hard were having their money taken away in taxes and given to the poor who had not worked hard. They also launched smear campaigns about Roosevelt's personal life. Roosevelt also found opposition from the Supreme Court, many of which were Republicans and tried to block him passing new acts and regulations. Despite all these problems, failures and opponents of the New Deal, it was a great success in general and the voters agreed. Roosevelt won his second term in office in 1936 with the highest margin of victory ever achieved in an American presidential election. Although not everyone was helped, the vast majority were, and Roosevelt and the New Deal were a huge improvement on the depression years of Hoover. Richard Teasell - 1 - ...read more.

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