• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the main features of the New Deal

Extracts from this document...


Explain the main features of the New Deal The New Deal was a plan created by Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd President of the United States of America. Its purpose was to bring economic reform and recovery to the US during the Great Depression. It was combined of a number of programs and projects which intended to get unemployed Americans back into work, having lost their jobs after the Wall Street Crash. Prior to Roosevelt's inauguration on the 33rd of March 1933, the current President, President Hoover, had taken a largely Laissez-Faire approach to the Great Depression, and believed that he should just let the economy run it's course. Roosevelt aimed to take a different approach by introducing the New Deal; this was a large reason for him winning the 1932 presidential election. Roosevelt entered office with a huge amount of problems on his shoulders. The beginning of his first term is famously known as 'The First Hundred Days'. ...read more.


Roosevelt believed that true prosperity would not return until farming was prosperous. One of the alphabet agencies created by the New Deal was the Agricultural Adjustment Administration. During the First World War many farms in Europe faced difficulties. The Americans used this to their advantage and produced more food that they then exported and sold to Europeans. By the 20s European agriculture had recovered making it harder for Americans to sell their produce in Europe. Despite this the American farmers continued to produce more food than could be consumed, making their profits fall. Because of this they found it hard to pay their mortgages and fell into debt. The AAA paid farmers for cutting crop, milk, butter production and also for not raising pigs and cows by 30%. To raise the money to pay the farmers the AAA taxed the companies that bought the farm products and processed them into food and clothing. Another Alphabet Agency was the National Recovery Agency. ...read more.


FDR and other 'New Dealers' such as Eleanor Roosevelt and Harold Ickes worked to ensure that blacks received at least 10% of welfare assistance payments. However there was absolutely no attempt to end segregation or improve black rights in the South. Roosevelt also appointed many black people to positions in his administration. Because of this Roosevelt gained the support of many black Americans. Overall, the New Deal introduced many agencies and laws to help improve the economy. Many of these received strong criticism, some even being revoked years later with the Supreme Court declaring them 'unconstitutional'. The New Deal did succeed in stabilising the banks in America and provided many jobs. It was however not the reason the Great Depression ended, as the real cause was World War 2. Roosevelt is remembered very favourably for his changes though and many laws and agencies still exist today. His First Hundred Days in office are also considered the greatest ever, and every president's are now compared to his, making him one of the most beloved presidents of all time. ?? ?? ?? ?? Joseph Holdsworth-Morris 11.S1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    investors panicked but many brought more shares on Monday the 28th October and 9 million shares were sold, but on the next day ("black Tuesday") the stock market had collapsed totally. Huge companies such as General Electric and the Radio Corporation of America had collapsed.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    Unlike Hoover's idea of Laissez-faire, that people should help themselves, Roosevelt knew that it was up to him to get people into work. At this stage, farming was in a state of disorder. The prices for products such as wheat and corn were far too low.

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    However, the second argument gives factual information and describes part of the real work of the New Deal. On Source C there are similar types of arguments. For instance, "[...] power which he used ruthlessly" and "in 1938 he had 11 million unemployed." In the first statement is clearly subjective.

  2. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    so many trees you could plant and lakes in which to stock fish. However, for many Americans in the 1930's, Roosevelt was the president who included in his policies the people who had felt excluded by politics once the Depression had taken its hold. Now the excluded were the included.

  1. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    Analysing the reliability and quality of these sources we can say that: ~ Source C identifies key problems that the New Deal created, these included the massive national debt, inflation and how Congress "gave up much of its power to Roosevelt."

  2. How successful was the new deal? Explain why Roosevelt Introduced the New Deal?

    FDR in his "Fireside Chats" told Americans to shop only at blue eagle stores or use only blue eagle contractors.

  1. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    After this Roosevelt is getting more and more trusted and on the 20th March the Beer act was introduced. This is so selling beer was once again legal. This was the first step towards prohibition. This also meant that the government could make more money out of taxes on beer.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal Roosevelt had promised ...

    However, Roosevelt was facing criticism from people saying that he was doing either too little or too much. To combat this problem, Roosevelt introduced the Second New Deal. From the Second New Deal, the Wagner Act was passed in which all employers were to allow trade unions for better pay and conditions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work