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Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth movement?

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Introduction

YEAR 10 COURSEWORK - 1st Assessment Germany Question 1: Explain the nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth movement? In 1923 the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler founded a youth organisation called the Hitler Youth. Hitler realised that by controlling the youth of today he would completely control the future Nazi people. The nature or aim of the Hitler Youth was to indoctrinate children from the age of 14-18 that Nazi beliefs were the only true ideas and would result in Germany becoming the greatest country in the world. By teaching, often done by brainwashing the children, they would become nationalists and think all other countries and its people were inferior. They did this during school, by changing the timetable and subject lessons to accommodate for Hitler's policy towards the youth. However, he also achieved this by controlling young German lives outside school, consequently giving the parents and other influences, like Church and Youth clubs less control, with Hitler and the Nazis gaining more. The Hitler Youth was a clever way of creating young and devoted Nazi supporters to continue and support Nazism in the future to come. Hitler designed the organisation so that it would appeal among the majority of Germany's youth. It was attractive to many people with its regime of camps, sporting activities and marches. Most activities were designed to create fit young men and women. ...read more.

Middle

Marriage loans were given to women who gave up their jobs from 1933, providing the women with a benefit to quit their work, but more importantly allowing Hitler to achieve his goal of creating pure Germans only and inferior towards other races. Women in society played a big part in helping Hitler and were seen as important to the future of Germany. The Nazis also introduced organisation which supported the family by distributing food aid, giving meals to prolific mothers, providing maternity homes for the weeks after childbirth and running kindergartens to look after children if their mothers did work. However the Nazi government did not dare force women out of employment from 1933-1939, largely due to the war as there was a shortage of labour. Women had the advantage to employers of being cheaper, and many jobs would have been compulsory for those to attend, while most of the men were involved or fighting in World War II. The Nazis encouraged women to have as many children as possible, by discouraging contraception. This mainly happened because Hitler was alarmed at the falling birth rate in Germany and a greater demand for future Nazis was needed fast. He awarded a golden Mother Cross to mothers with eight or more children, with silver being six children, and a bronze award for four. This made giving birth a competition for a lot of women and many saw Hitler as their idol man. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler passed an act allowing him to take direct control of the key institutions and to suspend parliament. Also, all key posts in the government, the civil service and teaching could only be filled by men who swore to be good Nazis. Secondly, the Weimar government set up after World War I had been very weak and unable to make decisions. The German people were experiencing great economic problems partly because of the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles at the end of the last war, but also because of the economic slump in 1929. When Hitler was coming to power, Germany was suffering hyperinflation and widespread unemployment. All these conditions left the German people feeling very demoralised and they were looking to strong leadership to sort out their problems. The Weimar government was not seen as an effective Government, but Hitler's party seemed to have the answers even though not every thing that Hitler stood for would have been welcomed. Hitler appealed to radical nationalists who opposed the soft and weak Weimar government. Lastly, Hitler was an extremely effective orator. He appealed to many groups within Germany, such as farmers and ex-soldiers, and was very inspiring in he way that he put forward his interpretation of German history and what should be done to strengthen Germany's position in Europe. To conclude, propaganda was a main reason for the minimal opposition but there was also fear and intimidation of all those who opposed Hitler; a call for strong leadership and discipline; and the skills of Hitler as an effective speaker. ...read more.

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