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Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation in sport) in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa?

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Question 2. Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation in sport) in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa? A number of factors contributed to the struggle against and the eventual abolition of apartheid in the 1990's. Unrest, protest and armed resistance played a major part, also the leadership of famous individuals such as Nelson Mandela. However external pressures, pressures put on the South African government internationally were also important. External pressures included economic and trade sanctions; international isolation and the condemnation of the other countries; and isolation from international sport. Economic/trade sanctions are when countries refuse to buy or to sell goods to another country. Countries withdraw investments made for another country to punish them. South Africa was vulnerable because it was a capitalist economy which depended on its trade. A consumer boycott is when individuals refuse to buy products from a certain place, individual or country. ...read more.


The government could not continue to pay for security forces against the protestors because they did not have enough money. Business leaders arranged talks with the ANC after financial crisis and realized that the only way to improve South Africa's economy again was to improve the international trade. At that time F.W. De Klerk was president and he was put under pressure by politicians and business leaders to change Apartheid in order to improve the South African economy. He was told by his own advisors that the economy would only get worse if Apartheid remained. A poor economy meant lower living standards for the White's as well as the Black's. The government would have less money to spend on security forces and if poverty kept rising then more protest would be held opposing the government. After looking at all the problems caused by external economic pressures there is no doubt that it was a major factor which influenced De Klerk's government to decide to undertake the CODESA negotiations and end white minority rule by 1994. ...read more.


After the 1970's South Africa had no more sporting tours of the UK and eventually by the 1980's virtually no UK teams went to South Africa. Middle Class/Wealthy White people in South Africa were not rich enough to not to suffer from the economic sanctions because they did feel the effects of the sporting sanctions. It is very clear that to put an end to Apartheid there would have to be sporting sanctions. Over all we can see that external pressure helped a great deal to bring an end to Apartheid because all the actions taken against South Africa helped put pressure on the government. It was obvious that the government would have to give in at one point because the economic state of the country was getting worse by the day. South Africa was having a very big problem because of the isolation by the other countries so they had no choice but to end Apartheid. Without all the external pressure put on South Africa the government would not have been forced to end Apartheid. ...read more.

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