• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation in sport) in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa?

Extracts from this document...


Question 2. Explain the part played by external pressure (for example, economic sanctions and international isolation in sport) in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa? A number of factors contributed to the struggle against and the eventual abolition of apartheid in the 1990's. Unrest, protest and armed resistance played a major part, also the leadership of famous individuals such as Nelson Mandela. However external pressures, pressures put on the South African government internationally were also important. External pressures included economic and trade sanctions; international isolation and the condemnation of the other countries; and isolation from international sport. Economic/trade sanctions are when countries refuse to buy or to sell goods to another country. Countries withdraw investments made for another country to punish them. South Africa was vulnerable because it was a capitalist economy which depended on its trade. A consumer boycott is when individuals refuse to buy products from a certain place, individual or country. ...read more.


The government could not continue to pay for security forces against the protestors because they did not have enough money. Business leaders arranged talks with the ANC after financial crisis and realized that the only way to improve South Africa's economy again was to improve the international trade. At that time F.W. De Klerk was president and he was put under pressure by politicians and business leaders to change Apartheid in order to improve the South African economy. He was told by his own advisors that the economy would only get worse if Apartheid remained. A poor economy meant lower living standards for the White's as well as the Black's. The government would have less money to spend on security forces and if poverty kept rising then more protest would be held opposing the government. After looking at all the problems caused by external economic pressures there is no doubt that it was a major factor which influenced De Klerk's government to decide to undertake the CODESA negotiations and end white minority rule by 1994. ...read more.


After the 1970's South Africa had no more sporting tours of the UK and eventually by the 1980's virtually no UK teams went to South Africa. Middle Class/Wealthy White people in South Africa were not rich enough to not to suffer from the economic sanctions because they did feel the effects of the sporting sanctions. It is very clear that to put an end to Apartheid there would have to be sporting sanctions. Over all we can see that external pressure helped a great deal to bring an end to Apartheid because all the actions taken against South Africa helped put pressure on the government. It was obvious that the government would have to give in at one point because the economic state of the country was getting worse by the day. South Africa was having a very big problem because of the isolation by the other countries so they had no choice but to end Apartheid. Without all the external pressure put on South Africa the government would not have been forced to end Apartheid. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. South Africa - Turning points in Mandella's life and the effects of external pressure ...

    This was so important because it gave him much more publicity around the world, giving anti-apartheid campaigns more exposure to people from all different countries.

  2. " Individuals do not 'shape' historical events; the best they can do is to ...

    Many people wished to emulate their struggle and create more Vietnams as Che had called for. Protestors in search for "freedom" and "justice" around the world felt great respect and admiration towards him. A favourite quote I like to use to describe Che Guevara is, "he was an inspiration for

  1. Keeping Mandela in prison between 1964 and 1990 was a mistake(TM)

    At Sharpeville hundreds and thousands of black South Africans gathered out side of a police station protesting against the pass laws. It was been watched by a few armed police to make sure it was civilized however in a moment of panic they opened fire killing 67 and injuring 186.

  2. Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury - Foreign Affairs and "Splendid Isolation"

    But by the end of the century this dominance was being challenged, particularly by Russia, who were eager to expand eastwards if they were not allowed to expand into the Balkans. 1897 - Germany aquired port of Kiao-chow, and Russia Port Arthur, which led the British to aquire Wei-Hai-Wei - midway between the two.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The USSR feared a Muslim takeover in the USSR and thus they invaded Afghanistan to establish a communist government. However, the USA saw this as a direct invasion ? not an invitation as the USSR claimed ? and financially and militarily helped the Mujahedeen fight the war against the soviets.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    * Nixon was forced to resign, seen as weak and unreliable, Brezhnev was particularly annoyed by Carter's attacks on the Soviet Union over "human rights" - Brezhnev saw this as a direct interference in Soviet domestic policy and believed it was none of Carter's business * Conservatives in the US

  1. What was the nature of the Apartheid State?

    In 1950, the Populations Registration Act was introduced. This was to help the government differentiate between the races: Blacks, Whites and Coloureds. Their means by which to find out was sticking a pencil through the person?s hair and if it were to stay the person was black and if it did not, the person was coloured.

  2. World War II impacted a rise and fall of colonialism in Africa.

    Second, wishes would be made with the affected people in the conquered colonies. Third, everyone has the right to self-determination. Fourth, make an effort to lower trade barriers. Fifth, importance would be recognized in the advancement of social welfare and global economic cooperation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work