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Explain the reasons for Nazi policies on women (8 marks)

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Lallie Fraser Explain the reasons for Nazi policies on women (8 marks) When the Nazis came into power, they imposed a number of policies on women. Hitler was firm believer that it was the man's job in the family to be the breadwinner (to go out and work and bring in the money); and it was the women's job to stay ay home to cook, clean and look after the children. Although these views may be seen as chauvinistic now, these views were just the way things were and therefore accepted. One reason for Nazi policies on women was to increase pure German births. There were many policies which encouraged this. A major factor of trying to get women to have more children was financial incentives. For example, they were given marriage loans and birth grants which mean that money should never be the issue when having children, especially when they benefited even more from repayment loans - the more children they had, the less they had to pay back! ...read more.


Not only this but in October 1935, the Blood Protection Law was enforced which said that marriage to Jews, black people and gypsies was forbidden - this was to make sure that only pure German births would be born within a marriage. Staying on the line of marriage, in 1938 marriage laws extended the grounds of divorce which meant that people were less likely to stay in unhappy, assumingly sexless marriages, so would marry again and go on to have children - pure German children obviously. To teach women lessons about such skills as childbirth, from 1933-39, two Nazis' women's organizations were created, the NSF and DFW which were basically set up for the women that had been too old to have been part of the Hitler Youth Movement, so in these organizations the women were given childbirth lessons, taught how to cook, how to be a good housewife etc - lessons which they would have been taught if in the Hitler Youth Movement. ...read more.


But the importance that the births were pure German was still stressed forcefully which was shown not only by the Blood Protection Law but also in 1941, couples found cohabiting after their marriage had been banned were sent to concentration camps. So it's obvious that love was definitely not the vital factor in a German marriage. But what was the explanation for the Nazis want of pure German births so badly? Well, due to WWI, Germany had lost a whole generation which meant Germany had no effective army. The army was one of Hitler's main concerns for Germany and he wanted the biggest and nest army in the world so with it he would be able to go and conquer his previous territories and achieve Lebensraum - living space for Germany. Hitler would need lots of people for this hence why he wanted to increase the birth rate. Also after WWI, the birth rate had been decreasing so Hitler wanted the birth rate to increase for the same reasons stated as above. ...read more.

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