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Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

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Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922 Trotsky's contribution was crucial to the success of the Bolsheviks. Up to 1922 he played an enormous role in the success of the Bolsheviks, and gave them both drive and organisation with the help of Vladimir Lenin. His leadership was excellent and communication skills second to none. Firstly, Trotsky was one of the foremost figures in the 1917 October Revolution. He controlled the Red Army and planned the takeover of Petrograd on November 7th. He organised the Red Guards, the Bolsheviks Militia made up of factory workers armed with rifles, to strategically take over the capital by commandeering railway stations, post offices, telephone centres, banks, bridges and power stations. There was little resistance to the Red Guards and the capital was soon taken over by them. After all of these were seized, on the night of November 7th, the Winter Palace was stormed by the Red Guards. ...read more.


These all contributed to the success of the Bolsheviks. Secondly, he was the leader of the Red Army against the White Army during the Civil War. The Red Army, formally known as the Red Guards, of the Bolsheviks were lead by Trotsky in the battle against the supporters of the Tsar. After living in exile in New York he finally returned to Russia in May 1917. He began to work with Lenin and the Bolsheviks and soon came round to Lenins views. Lenin regarded him as his number two of the party. This was important as it showed that he had the support of the Bolsheviks and their leader, which in turn gave him the support of the followers of Lenin. In March 1918 Trotsky became Commissar for War and Chairman of the Supreme War Council. Trotsky believed in a traditional army. Not only did Trotsky run the army on traditional lines with no reforms wanted from the previous army, he understood the importance of personal contact with his troops. ...read more.


A vast majority of the public wanted an end to the war because they were disrupted by it and it caused many problems with the economy of the countryside and towns which made living harder for them. These problems also brought the worrying factor of starvation and poverty to the Russian citizens. As a part of the treaty, Russia lost a lot of land including Riga, Lithuania, Livonia, Estonia and some other parts of Russia. These areas had great economic importance to Russia as they some of them were vastly rich farming areas. Although they lost all this land, the support gained by Trotsky and the treaty was phenomenal and it gained the Bolsheviks vital support which contributed to their success. The treaty also allowed the Bolsheviks to concentrate on their own problems in Russia such as the civil war which was breaking out. Overall I feel that Trotsky contributed heavily to the success of the Bolsheviks as he played an important role in many important events and without his successful leadership the Bolsheviks would have not consolidated themselves. Connor Richardson 11WS ...read more.

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