• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Trotskys contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

Free essay example:

Explain Trotsky’s contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

Today’s most important contribution was his organisation during the October Revolution. His leadership continued throughout his other achievements such as the Civil war, creating the Red Army and crushing the rising Kronstadt Revolution.

Trotsky’s original loyalty lay with the Mensheviks - from 1903 – and in 1905 he was appointed chairman of St. Petersburg Soviet. Although he had Mensheviks doubts about Lenin, he agreed the logic of his slogans. The Bolshevik Party started to appeal to people as they promised the people, “bread, peace, land” and they had also removed the threat of Kornilov. Trotsky joined the Bolsheviks in June 1917. He was disliked by the Bolsheviks, due to his arrogance and intellengent, aswell as his Mensheviks background. Within around 6 weeks of joining the party, Trotsky was seen as Lenin’s “number 2” in the party. This created importance concerning Trotsky and he then went on to contribution to the October Revolution.  

As Trotsky played a major part in organising the October Revolution, it brought the Bolsheviks to power.  In March 1918 Trotsky became Commissioner for War. When the Bolsheviks staged the coup, Trotsky was in charge. They succeeded and captured the government buildings and the Winter Palace in Petrograd. During the October revolution, the majority of the soviet was made up of Left SRs.

Trotsky was praisesd for the creation of the Red Army. “in the organization of the Red Army the consistency and firmness of proletarian leadership in an alliance between the workers and the toiling peasantry against all exploiters were brilliantly realized.” (Lenin’s Collected Works, volume XVII, pp.412-414.) He tolerated no opposition with the Red Army, from either officers or men. Lenin said, “Trotsky did lead the red army brilliantly, and the red army saved the revolution.

The kronstadt appeared as the unsuccessful rising of Soviet sailors, soldiers and civilians led by Stepan Petrichenko. The rising was already an unruly affair, this made it easy for the Provisional government to crush them. Though not clear who started the rising – 3-6th July – Lenin had declared a month previous that the Bolshevik party was ready to take power, but delegates said this was a general intention. Trotsky, after, referred to the rising as a “semi-insurrection” and claimed it had been started by the Mensheviks. He did this to release the blame from the Bolsheviks. After the rising, the Bolshevik party was still far from being the revolutionary party and the opposition movement was disunited.

The civil war had an effect on everybody, but it affected the Bolsheviks greatly. Fortunately most effects were positive, such as toughness. The war had created obedience and loyalty within the force. The war had seemed to shape the Bolsheviks; they became more authorized and centralized.

Overall, Trotsky was a great impact upon the party and succeeded in helping them acomplish their plans.          

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related GCSE History Skills and Knowledge Essays

See our best essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    Fundamentally, by allowing for the Red Guard to form Kerensky sealed the Provisional government's fate, which led to the 'Night of the revolution'. The Bolsheviks seized the 'window of opportunity'. Vladimir Lenin set the date of the 6th of November, while Leon Trotsky the 'military mastermind' made the crucial preparations needed.

  2. Account for the success of the Bolshevik revolution in

    The Bolshevik victory was achieved due to the rise of the Bolsheviks through 1917, incorporating the strong leadership of Lenin. Lenin's ability to emphasize the weaknesses of the Provisional Government and yield appraisal for the Soviets enabled him to 'establish a pre-eminent position among those who wanted a radically different

  1. Trotsky's Contribution to the Success Of The Bolsheviks Up to 1922

    Occasionally, Trotsky would send his troops out to fight and threaten that if they returned then they would all be executed with guns.

  2. Explain Trotsky's contribution towards the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    Trotsky was given the responsibility of negotiating the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Trotsky's intention was to delay talks of the treaty hoping that there would be a similar revolution in Germany. A revolution in Germany would result in the treaty of Brest-Litovsk becoming void as Russia would owe nothing to the new German Government.

  1. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    He immediately helped to enlist 25,000 armed recruits to defend Petrograd. While the Petrograd Soviet army dug trenches and fortified the city, delegations of soldiers were sent out to talk to the advancing troops. Meetings were held and Kornilov's troops eventually decided to refuse to attack Petrograd.

  2. Lenins contribution to the bolshevik party

    If the war was won by Russia, the nobles would get a lot of land so this was unpopular with the peasants and they wanted land too.

  1. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    These agreed to the existence of the Duma, but put so many limitations on power it could do virtually nothing. It was clear that no revolution would happen if the Tsar was supported by a faithful army. So Nicholas managed to survive the 1905 revolution, but the question that the

  2. To what extent do you agree with Trotsky's assessment of the 1905 revolution?

    Things came to a head in January 1905 when after a prolonged siege, Port Arthur fell to Japan. In May 1905, the Baltic fleet which had been despatched to the Far East in October the year before was immediately sunk by the Japanese fleet on its arrival at Tsushima.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work