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Explain whether the work of Gandhi during the years 1918-1937 made independence for India more or les likely.

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Introduction

Explain whether the work of Gandhi during the years 1918-1937 made independence for India more or les likely. In 1857, the East India Company sailed to India and defeated the Mughal Empire. The British crown took over the Indian government and Britons were sent to live there. This was known as colonialism, those who thought it was a good idea to take over others lands and actually did. One of these lands was India. At the time India was seen a savage land. Missionaries and legislators wanted to stamp out slavery, barbaric punishment and sacrifices. Industrialists wanted raw materials such as gold, diamond and chocolate. They wanted to grow and sell food, which could not be grown at home. The armed forces found the country useful as it could use them to fuel ships. The period in which Britain ruled India is known as the British Raj. The king or queens representative in India was called the viceroy. ...read more.

Middle

This meant public opinion would shift on the side of the Indians and so Britain would be pressurised to move out of India. Gandhi's personal actions such as homespun showed he was not above ordinary Indians. This unified them and in doing so became a greater problem for the British Empire, as they knew they all had the same common problem. In 1920, Gandhi launched his first civil disobedience campaign, Homespun. He told Indians to weave their own cotton so not to buy British textiles. He encouraged Indians to burn their British made clothes. The cotton, which was grown in India, was sent to Britain to be manufactured then sent back to India for Indians to buy. If nobody bought British made clothes India would more likely get independence as Britain would find it hard to keep this industry going and so would pull out of India, as no profit would be made. ...read more.

Conclusion

Indians asked for independence soon after the war and that Indians were to be placed on the Viceroy's government. Britain did not give this power and if they did not accept India's help under these serious conditions, when they really needed help, when would they? Gandhi's passive resistance did allow India to gain self-rule during the years 1918-1939, as it showed the brutal side to the British Empire against its unarmed subjects. Reported around the world were horrific scenes of violence which casted the British in a bad light. This allowed the world to see what the British were really like. A more violent approach I think would have caused Britain to think the Indians could not control themselves and so would still be ruling them now, but on the other hand a more savage approach could have led the British into backing off. But this I think would have led to serious casualties. So in all I think Gandhi's work made it more likely for India to gain independence from Britain. ...read more.

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