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Explain why Abraham Yacobovitsc was living at 116, Redbank in 1902

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Explain why Abraham Yacobovitsc was living at 116, Redbank in 1902 NEED TO WRITE THE INTRO HERE The first reason as to why Abraham Yacobovitsc may have wanted to leave Russia was that there a Pogrom in Russia at the time. The word pogrom in Russian means "devastation". There were many pogrom attacks in Russia by mobs against the Jews. A large number of anti-Jewish people swept across southern Russia in 1881, after the Jews were wrongly blamed for the assassination of Alexander II. In the disasters that occurred in 1881, there pogroms that were carried out in 166 Russian towns, thousands of Jewish homes were destroyed, with many families reduced to extreme poverty, many women were sexually assaulted with a large number of men, woman, and children brutally killed. This could have been a reason for Abraham Yacobovitsc to leave Russia for England. Secondly, there was a lack of education, opportunities and freedom for movement within Russia. There was a lack of freedom of movement as the Jews got moved into an area called the Pale of Settlement. The Russian government did not want the Jews living in Russia, so when Russia took over from Poland the Jews were made to live there. ...read more.


The main development of Zionist movement into Palestine, was chiefly from Russia. Most of the Jews were singled out for a lot of things. Special taxes, for instance, on the synagogue and Jewish meat, were imposed in order to keep the special schools for Jews running, but not all the money reached its destination. They were also restricted in their education as only 10% of Jews were allowed tin universities in their own area, and only a minor 5% were allowed to join a university in either St. Petersburg or Moscow. Within Russia contained a lot of anti-Semitics including the Tsar, which meant that the majority of Russia were against the Jews. Numerous amount of children were baptised against the wishes of their parents, only Jews who became Orthodox were allowed to request for a free divorce. Some reasons why Abraham Yacobvitsc may have wanted to come to England was that in 1890 there was a Jewish emancipation (freedom to participate), this meant that they had the right to do whatever they wanted. Before the Jewish emancipation in 1882, 46,000 people had originally lived in England, this shows that there was an established community in England. Several Jews ended up in England by mistake, the place that they really wanted to end up in was USA. ...read more.


Another reason was that Manchester quickly grew into the most important industrial centre in the world, and considerably the first industrial society. The pace of change was fast and frightening, at the time it seemed like almost anything could happen. There were new industrial processes, new ways of thinking, new classes or groups of society, new religious sects and new forms of labour organisations. This attracted educated visitors from all over Europe. "What Manchester did today," it was said, "the rest of the world does tomorrow". Many of the Jews that were arriving in Britain were trans-migrants, travelling through on their way to United States. An increasing number of Jews decided to stay on and live in cities in like Manchester, with its opportunities for work and prospects of support from the increasing, settled Jewish community. In 1851 Eastern Europeans already made up 25% of Manchester's Jewish community, and in 1881 they were 66%, out of a total Jewish population now approaching 7,000. An additional motivating factor towards the Jews decision to live in Manchester was that there were already many successful Jews living in Manchester who migrated from Russia. Some of the many successful Jews in Manchester were the Inwald family, Helena Weisberg, Chaim and Vera Weizmann, Samuel Aaron Claff who was an immigrant money leader, daughters of the Zion garden party and Marie Nahum. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kamran Anwar History coursework- Abraham Yacobovitsc ...read more.

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