• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why events in the Balkans contributed to the growth of international tension in the years 1908 - 1914.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why events in the Balkans contributed to the growth of international tension in the years 1908 - 1914. It is difficult to comprehend how such a small area of the world, of Europe, could cause such tensions, and even, it could be argued, be responsible for the outbreak of World War One. Ruled by the Ottoman Empire, the collection of different races and religions which was collectively known as the Balkans began to rise up against their oppressive rulers due to increased tensions growing (aside from the usual between rulers and ruled) concerning ethnic rivalry. These risings got the attention of other major European countries, especially Russia and Austria - Hungary, who already had a history there. Russia supported the emancipation of the Balkans, being made up of similar ethnic people and a Pan - Slavist Movement vowing to unite all Slavs, many of whom lived in the Balkans. Yet Austria- Hungary did not wish to encourage the collapse of the Ottoman Empire as she feared her own empire, made up of smaller countries like the Ottoman Empire, would be influenced by these uprisings and would start to pursue their own bid for freedom, perhaps resulting in the collapse of their empire as well. ...read more.

Middle

Russia's relations with Austria - Hungary and Germany declined after the Bosnian crisis showed Germany favouring Austria over her, and the opposing views over the Balkans caused increased tension as well. This cemented the alliances further and increasing the possibility of war. Dissatisfaction with Bosnia's situation increased, and plots to free the Bosnian Serbs emerged. Added to this Serbia began to build up relations with Russia, giving Russia the possibility of a warm water port and the confidence to take on Austria - Hungary, ultimately increasing the tension as this caused an upsurge in Balkan Nationalism, especially in Serbia, sponsored by Russia, threatening the stability of the Austro - Hungarian empire and relations with Serbia. Yet despite France and Great Britain's best attempts to maintain peace and stability, the two alliances hardened seemingly making their different alliances concrete. But Britain and France did not have much time to meddle in the problems of others; they had problems of their own, outside of the Balkans. This shows although the Balkans were a major cause of tension in Europe, Wilhelm II was having a pretty good go of stirring up some of his own, by pursuing his Weltpolitik. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also due to the aforementioned Anglo - German rivalry, Great Britain were only too happy to declare war on Germany. Referring back to my introduction, it is hard to see how such small countries can cause such conflict. Yet having looked through the events of those six years it is obvious that although the Balkans were involved in most of the events which caused decline of relations, often they were not the direct cause of this tension(In the Naval Race and Moroccan Crisis they were not involved at all.) Perhaps the fact that they are so small is the exact reason why they caused such trauma. They were under - estimated. It seems that as the Balkans hadn't really been countries in their own right for such a long time, they were too forward in their pursuit for freedom when the opportunity came around. This caused a rapid change in power balance, almost too rapid, throwing the rest of Europe into uncertainty and fear, resulting in a turn of events which split Europe as they all tried to do what they thought was best for Europe, which tended to be very different things, depending on the country. ?? ?? ?? ?? Charlotte McKenna ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Tension between the countries of Europe increased in year before 1914 due to the ...

    In a series of short successful wars Prussia defeated Denmark in 1864, Austria in 1866 and then France in 1871. So France who was meant to be the dominant European power, was beaten in just seven weeks. France had been defeated in war and humiliated.

  2. World War I. 1914-18 timeline of major events in the econflict

    Turkish forces besiege them and ultimately surrender in April 16. 1918 OCT- Brit forces defeat turks in Palestine and go nort to Damascus and Bierut. Sultan signs armistace 30th Oct, Bulgaria wants armistice 26th Sept. Southern 1918-OCT Italians attack Austrians from Trentino front to Adriatic.

  1. Notes on International Relations 1919-1939

    Rathenau - Foreign minister o Killed in 1922 partly because he was Jewish but more so because he was associated with Versailles * Ebert had appendicitis but put off a simple operation to fight the Right-wing press's accusations of betrayal and later died of that appendicitis o Right-wing press was

  2. "William II's foreign policy contributed greatly to tensions in Europebetween 1890 and 1914." Discuss.

    despised Bismarck), the Kaiser advised by the new and inexperienced experts on such matters, and guided by his hatred of all things related to Bismarck, decided to reject signing it. He was convinced that the Reinsurance Treaty was incompatible with the terms of the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Germany), and

  1. What crisis and developments caused tension to rise from 1905 to 1913? How were ...

    On October 6th 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina, but Austria-Hungary broke the secret deal. They did not give compensation to Russia. Russia felt tricked and disowned by the deal and protested. Serbia reacted to the annexation, they felt very angry at Austria-Hungary's actions.

  2. "The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 grew out of a short ...

    Therefore the colonial rivalry was a long standing development of the war, caused the basis for alliance systems and therefore turned an otherwise local war into a world one. Germany's rise to power and her Weltpolitik was also a long term cause for the war.

  1. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    In 1936 Hitler began his policy of reclaiming lost German territory; however in 1935 the Anglo-German Naval Agreement had begun a policy of appeasement in Britain, and later in France. Appeasement consisted in letting Germany have what they want in order to prevent a war.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    Britain and France were keen to avoid offending Mussolini as they saw him as a possible ally against Hitler. The League held a ballot vote based on the Abyssinia Crisis, which proved that most British people wanted to use military force to protect Abyssinia in the event of an Italian invasion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work