• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why events in the Balkans contributed to the growth of international tension in the years 1908 - 1914.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why events in the Balkans contributed to the growth of international tension in the years 1908 - 1914. It is difficult to comprehend how such a small area of the world, of Europe, could cause such tensions, and even, it could be argued, be responsible for the outbreak of World War One. Ruled by the Ottoman Empire, the collection of different races and religions which was collectively known as the Balkans began to rise up against their oppressive rulers due to increased tensions growing (aside from the usual between rulers and ruled) concerning ethnic rivalry. These risings got the attention of other major European countries, especially Russia and Austria - Hungary, who already had a history there. Russia supported the emancipation of the Balkans, being made up of similar ethnic people and a Pan - Slavist Movement vowing to unite all Slavs, many of whom lived in the Balkans. Yet Austria- Hungary did not wish to encourage the collapse of the Ottoman Empire as she feared her own empire, made up of smaller countries like the Ottoman Empire, would be influenced by these uprisings and would start to pursue their own bid for freedom, perhaps resulting in the collapse of their empire as well. ...read more.

Middle

Russia's relations with Austria - Hungary and Germany declined after the Bosnian crisis showed Germany favouring Austria over her, and the opposing views over the Balkans caused increased tension as well. This cemented the alliances further and increasing the possibility of war. Dissatisfaction with Bosnia's situation increased, and plots to free the Bosnian Serbs emerged. Added to this Serbia began to build up relations with Russia, giving Russia the possibility of a warm water port and the confidence to take on Austria - Hungary, ultimately increasing the tension as this caused an upsurge in Balkan Nationalism, especially in Serbia, sponsored by Russia, threatening the stability of the Austro - Hungarian empire and relations with Serbia. Yet despite France and Great Britain's best attempts to maintain peace and stability, the two alliances hardened seemingly making their different alliances concrete. But Britain and France did not have much time to meddle in the problems of others; they had problems of their own, outside of the Balkans. This shows although the Balkans were a major cause of tension in Europe, Wilhelm II was having a pretty good go of stirring up some of his own, by pursuing his Weltpolitik. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also due to the aforementioned Anglo - German rivalry, Great Britain were only too happy to declare war on Germany. Referring back to my introduction, it is hard to see how such small countries can cause such conflict. Yet having looked through the events of those six years it is obvious that although the Balkans were involved in most of the events which caused decline of relations, often they were not the direct cause of this tension(In the Naval Race and Moroccan Crisis they were not involved at all.) Perhaps the fact that they are so small is the exact reason why they caused such trauma. They were under - estimated. It seems that as the Balkans hadn't really been countries in their own right for such a long time, they were too forward in their pursuit for freedom when the opportunity came around. This caused a rapid change in power balance, almost too rapid, throwing the rest of Europe into uncertainty and fear, resulting in a turn of events which split Europe as they all tried to do what they thought was best for Europe, which tended to be very different things, depending on the country. ?? ?? ?? ?? Charlotte McKenna ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Notes on International Relations 1919-1939

    Took away people * Returning Soldier, 1919 - "The most terrible treason in world history the red traitor Ebert signed the Treaty of Versailles" o Germans, including Ebert, didn't like Versailles but Ebert was forced to sign and if he didn't the Allies threatened to continue fighting and invade Germany

  2. "William II's foreign policy contributed greatly to tensions in Europebetween 1890 and 1914." Discuss.

    moreover, it presented Germany with too few advantages to be worth his signature. Furthermore, be refused to lend credit to Russia for its industrialisation process. Russia, left on its own in a situation such as this, with no obligations to Germany, turned to isolated France for help.

  1. To what extent was Europe, 1890, an area of growing tension sowing the seeds ...

    France was kept isolated, but Austria, Russia, Italy and Britain were on friendly terms with Germany. Bismarck's alliances were non-aggressive and kept Europe at peace. Yet after 1890, Bismarck fell from power and the new Kaiser took matters into his own hands.

  2. "Tension between the countries of Europe increased in year before 1914 due to the ...

    Countries such as France and Britain were particularly at the heart of tension because Germany would be competing for land. Furthermore Britain had to have the largest navy as security to the country. The Navy laws of 1898 and 1900 meant that conflict would soon arise.

  1. What crisis and developments caused tension to rise from 1905 to 1913? How were ...

    Russia then backed down as Germany was brought into the situation. Germany made it clear that if Russia mobilised with Serbia, they would mobilise also. Russia knew they were of no match for Germany, so they were forced to back down and agreed to the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  2. "The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 grew out of a short ...

    During the late 19th century and the early 20th century, the world began to into two blocs, with Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy known as the Triple Alliance, and Britain, France and Russia allying together forming the Triple Entente. Although the alliance systems were aimed tat preventing war (they formed alliances for security), it accomplished the opposite.

  1. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    Every time Hitler took a step forward towards reclaiming the lost German territory he faced no opposition by Britain and France, only Italy interfered with one of his plans of Anschluss in 1934, but he accomplished in 1938 when they were allies.

  2. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    than Italy * The League banned metal, weapons and rubber sales * They did not close the Suez Canal or ban oil sales which would have stopped the Italian invasion - Britain and France did not close the Suez Canal because they did not want to provoke a war with Mussolini or drive him into an alliance with Hitler.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work