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Explain why Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933.

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Introduction

Explain why Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. It has been argued that the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor of Germany on 30th January 1933 was due to his colossal public support. However, although this was a major factor in Hitler's rise to power it was not the main cause his appointment as Chancellor. It was in fact the political circumstances at the time coupled with the fact that he was underestimated by many other powerful and influential politicians which was the crucial factor in his appointment as Chancellor in 1933.. In 1929 the world was struck by the Wall Street Crash and the consequences for Germany were disastrous. The republic had projected the view of a relatively stable and prosperous economy between the years of 1924 and 1929, however the collapse of the New York stock exchange immediately revealed the flaws of the German economy. Germany's prosperity had been based on foreign loans and investments; these were withdrawn straight after the crash. This led to a fall in prices, wages and a surge of unemployment. ...read more.

Middle

The Nazi Party tried as hard as possible to make itself a "catch all party"; that is that they wanted to appeal to those from all different areas and walks of life. The use of propaganda was crucial to this and tended to be extremely successful. However, there were still areas of the public which were more committed to the Nazis than others. The Nazis were extremely popular in rural areas, with Protestants and also with ex-servicemen and young army officers. This popularity was reflected in election results. The election results also suggest that there is strong link between Nazi support and the rise in unemployment. In 1928 before the Wall Street crash the NSDAP had only 12 seats in the Reichstag but then by September of 1930 this had risen to 107 seat which was nearly 20% of all voters. At a time when the NSDAP promised jobs for all unemployment was steadily rising making the National Socialists more and more appealing to the general public. People were beginning to turn to extremes due to the depression and thisshown also by the fact that the support for the Communist party had also rapidly increased at this time. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is perhaps likely that if indeed Schleicher's plan had worked Hitler would never have been appointed Chancellor in 1933. Papen, who had been Chancellor early in 1932 and had a lot of influence over Hindenburg, felt like many other prominent politicians that Hitler could be manipulated. He knew that Hitler would only form government if he was Chancellor and felt that Hindenburg should appoint him has Chancellor so that they could use him for his popular support. Therefore, it was this underestimation of Hitler which was essential to Hitler's appointment as Chancellor. If Papen had not believed that Hitler could be controlled then it is unlikely that he would ever have been appointed as Chancellor Although the fact that in 1933 Hitler had immense public support and led a party which was the largest in the Reichstag was vital in his appointment of Chancellor this could never have happened without the consent of Hindenburg. Therefore the most important factor in Hitler's appointment of Chancellor and the main reason for him being given such a prestigious position was that those with the power to appoint him as Chancellor underestimated his bid for power and felt that they would be able to benefit from his appointment. ...read more.

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