• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933.

Extracts from this document...


Explain why Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. It has been argued that the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor of Germany on 30th January 1933 was due to his colossal public support. However, although this was a major factor in Hitler's rise to power it was not the main cause his appointment as Chancellor. It was in fact the political circumstances at the time coupled with the fact that he was underestimated by many other powerful and influential politicians which was the crucial factor in his appointment as Chancellor in 1933.. In 1929 the world was struck by the Wall Street Crash and the consequences for Germany were disastrous. The republic had projected the view of a relatively stable and prosperous economy between the years of 1924 and 1929, however the collapse of the New York stock exchange immediately revealed the flaws of the German economy. Germany's prosperity had been based on foreign loans and investments; these were withdrawn straight after the crash. This led to a fall in prices, wages and a surge of unemployment. ...read more.


The Nazi Party tried as hard as possible to make itself a "catch all party"; that is that they wanted to appeal to those from all different areas and walks of life. The use of propaganda was crucial to this and tended to be extremely successful. However, there were still areas of the public which were more committed to the Nazis than others. The Nazis were extremely popular in rural areas, with Protestants and also with ex-servicemen and young army officers. This popularity was reflected in election results. The election results also suggest that there is strong link between Nazi support and the rise in unemployment. In 1928 before the Wall Street crash the NSDAP had only 12 seats in the Reichstag but then by September of 1930 this had risen to 107 seat which was nearly 20% of all voters. At a time when the NSDAP promised jobs for all unemployment was steadily rising making the National Socialists more and more appealing to the general public. People were beginning to turn to extremes due to the depression and thisshown also by the fact that the support for the Communist party had also rapidly increased at this time. ...read more.


It is perhaps likely that if indeed Schleicher's plan had worked Hitler would never have been appointed Chancellor in 1933. Papen, who had been Chancellor early in 1932 and had a lot of influence over Hindenburg, felt like many other prominent politicians that Hitler could be manipulated. He knew that Hitler would only form government if he was Chancellor and felt that Hindenburg should appoint him has Chancellor so that they could use him for his popular support. Therefore, it was this underestimation of Hitler which was essential to Hitler's appointment as Chancellor. If Papen had not believed that Hitler could be controlled then it is unlikely that he would ever have been appointed as Chancellor Although the fact that in 1933 Hitler had immense public support and led a party which was the largest in the Reichstag was vital in his appointment of Chancellor this could never have happened without the consent of Hindenburg. Therefore the most important factor in Hitler's appointment of Chancellor and the main reason for him being given such a prestigious position was that those with the power to appoint him as Chancellor underestimated his bid for power and felt that they would be able to benefit from his appointment. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

    3 star(s)

    point at which the president and his advisers openly showed their contempt for the constitution, the Reichstag and Weimar democracy and it marks the shift from parliamentary to presidential government. This meant that Hitler now had a path into power as it gave the Nazis a legal route to success

  2. How significant was Nazi Propaganda in maintaining Hitler in power in the years ...

    German community (Welch, The Third Reich - Politics and Propaganda, 1995, p.53). Throughout the period 1933-39, propaganda was used in an attempt to indoctrinate the idea of 'Volksgemeinschaft' into the German society, and this ideology was often at the root of many of the changes introduced by the Nazis.

  1. adolf hitler

    which, with mortal fear clutching at our hearts, we nevertheless did our duty; in vain the death of two million who died. Had they died for this? Did all this happen only so that a gang of wretched criminals could lay hands on the Fatherland.

  2. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    at its lowest and helped the Nazi party to gain the image of the most anti-communist party in existence. This image of being anti-communist was vital for the party's growth of support after 1929. This is demonstrated with the emergence of Br�ning's budget.

  1. Nazi Germany 1933

    The Gestapo has a rather detailed and more incriminating account of what went on in the SPD. The source tells us that Anti-Nazi propaganda was also spread by word of mouth, and reports exposing Nazi brutality were illegally published abroad, and then circulated back to Germany.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    This was to compensate the Allied victors for the damage done to their countries in the war and had to be paid in instalments until 1984, consequently subjecting millions of innocent Germans to a lifetime of debt. The German economy was still in tatters in 1921 due to the war

  1. Weimar, 1929 - 1933

    have had the appearance of shutting the stable door well after the horse has bolted." Supporters of this point of view say that the governments, viz. Br�ning's, should have used their powers to reduce the impact of the depression. This argument was strong in the post-war Keynesian era, when the

  2. What was the most important factor in Hitlers rise to power as Chancellor in ...

    ruthless persecution of the honest national opposition? was undoubtedly popular and further increased the hatred of Weimar. This shows that the Treaty of Versailles was directly responsible not only for the rise in popularity of extremism but also for the failure of Weimar as a whole, as Weimar had to be successful enough to prevent people from voting for extremism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work