• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Propaganda was used in the First World War to promote the war effort

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why Propaganda was used in the First World War to promote the war effort Propaganda was an important figure in the First World War in order to mislead or emphasize an opinion without lying. Propaganda was desperately needed because Britain was in a 'total war'. Total war is a war without restraints, a war in which every available weapon is used and the entire nation is affected by the War. Innocent civilians were bombed on the 16th December along the eastern coast of Britain, Scarborough was the worst hit, with 119 civilians dying. Several posters with the slogan "Remember Scarborough" were used throughout the War to show a sense of fear that any town could be next if people were not helping to stop this. The most exploited and significant uses of propaganda was to promote enrollment into the British Forces. There were several hundreds of posters and leaflets encouraging young men to get involved in the Armed Forces. The poster "Halt!" shows an Army Officer asking a stranger in the streets "are you a friend?". ...read more.

Middle

This is a common and effective way of using propaganda to influence and gain support from the public. Another frequently used tactic was to demonize Germany, several early War posters showed the Germans as being wife-beaters and baby-killers. One poster with the phrase "Germany means to starve us" depicts Germany as the sole reason for the food rations and the lack of food. Rationing was made compulsory in April 1918, many people disagreed because it meant they had less food than they had before it had been introduced, however poorer families actually gained from the idea. To prevent people from stealing or producing counterfeit ration books, a table was produced to show the punishments for the people who don't obey to the governments scheme of rationing, the punishments varied from �20 fines up to �72 fines, and some people were jailed for up to 3 months for unlawfully obtaining and using ration books. The reasons for the rationing was simple, Britain was running out of food. 25% of the merchant ships coming over the Atlantic from America were being sunk. ...read more.

Conclusion

With food being rationed, their spare money being pumped into Victory Bonds to save Belgium, spirits were low. So once again propaganda was used here to help lift the public's morale. The poster "Keep Calm and Carry on!" was a successful morale-boosting poster, mainly due to its clarity. This meant that people could easily see what the poster wanted them to do, and it was achievable. It made the public feel secure and often helped them get through some tough times, such as the loss of loved ones in the Armed Forces or losing their houses due to bombing raids. This evidence proves that propaganda was used for varying reasons, ranging from raising morale, to helping women save food. It also helped encourage the men to join the army and the women to help in the fields or factories to fuel Britain's attempt to save Belgium. Everyone had their place in this total war, and the propaganda helped the public find their place. 930 Words. ?? ?? ?? ?? William Kennedy 11Y Candidate Number: 8337 1 Centre Number: 16325 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. World war 1

    The entry of the Americans was decisive. By late 1918, they already had 2 million men in France and they were ready to send as many more troops as were needed to defeat Germany. Even before that the knowledge that they were coming helped the Allies to hang on.

  2. Describe how the British government used propaganda to in fluency the British people in ...

    We need help to beat the evil Germans so we put up posters asking people to join the army. Women were also the target from propaganda either. Propaganda was targeted at them to try and get them to take up work in the places left by the vast number of men what went to fight in the war.

  1. Source Work- Women in World War 1

    The woman's hair is short, and the clothes she wears are quite boyish symbolising for the way woman had to become like men to get enfranchisement. All of this implies triumph. However this is an interpretation because it is a cartoon, and it is only the illustrators view.

  2. Did the First World War liberate British women?

    This source is useful to people who do not know about the suffragists and the suffragettes or useful to those who want to know more. This source has helped my understanding but I do not think that it would be useful to an historian because it cannot be used as

  1. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45.

    out, making them useless to the war effort and this would mean that there would be less people helping in war productions and staying underground would mean morale going down as people would want to help their country but can't do anything underground as it was only a place for

  2. Britain in the age of total war 1939-1945.

    This shows how low the morale really was, for people to boo the royal King and Queen. This was understandable from some peoples points, as the East End was bombed relentlessly during the Blitz. The government continued to try to boost morale in a number of different ways.

  1. The First World War.

    This makes it a primary source, as it was written at the present time of the Battle of the Somme, hence more reliable. The first part of Source B shows that "the men" were "in splendid spirits", and it went on about how the soldiers had been putting a great amount of time and effort in their trainings.

  2. Blitzkrieg literally means 'Lightning War'.

    The Baedeker raids were a series of German air raids directed at British provincial towns and cities between April and October 1942, they were so named because the targets were all places of cultural interest, which appeared to have been selected from Baedeker's Guide to Britain In July of 1940

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work