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EXPLAIN WHY RELATIONS BETWEEN BRITAiN AND GERMANY CHANGED IN 1936-39

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Introduction

EXPLAIN WHY RELATIONS BETWEEN BRITIAN AND GERMANY CHANGED IN 1936-39 The relations between Britain and Germany steadily changed during the years 1936-39 . As the League of Nations crumbled into pieces, The British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain believed in the policy of appeasement. This was the policy of giving Hitler what he wanted to stop him from going to war. It was based on the idea that anything that Hitler wanted was perfectly reasonable and, when his reasonable demands had been fulfilled, he would stop. Appeasement was the starting point and was the main reason why relations between Britain and Germany changed and was recognised in the actions of Britain before 1936, when Hitler reached a naval agreement with Britain. This agreement allowed Germany to build up to 35 percent of British naval strength and up to 45 percent of their submarine strength. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler was clearly breaking part of the Treaty of Versailles which Britain thought was ?reasonable?. In 1938, Germans living in the border areas of Czechoslovakia (The Sudetenland) started to demand union with Hitler?s Germany. The Czechs refused and Britain, France and the USSR agreed to support the Czechs if Hitler invaded even though he promised Chamberlain that he would not invade Czechoslovakia. Hitler tried to claim that the Czech government was discriminating against the Sudeten Germans and organised demonstrations to stage protest marches and riots that the area should become part of Germany. In May 1938, Hitler threatened to go to war with the Czechs. In September 1938, Chamberlain goes to see Hitler to negotiate. At this point the relationship between Britain and Germany started to deteriorate because Hitler changed his demands breaking more and more terms of the Treaty. ...read more.

Conclusion

This set the stage however for the Invasion of Poland which was the main reason why relation deteriorated completely. Hitler began to threaten Poland and did not believe Britain (and France) would fight for Poland on their own. Furthermore, the USSR made a pact with Hitler, signed in August 1939 agreeing not to attack each other and secretly planned to invade Poland. They agreed that if Germany invaded Poland, the USSR would get Latvia, Estonia, Finland and East Poland ? but Hitler never really intended to let them keep those areas. On the 1st September 1939 Hitler invaded Poland. This action was too much ? and Britain and France ordered him to leave but Hitler ignored them and Britain declared war on Germany on 3rd September 1939 after they had vowed to protect Poland if Germany invaded. Poland was the final stage at which Britain must abandon appeasement and sped up rearmament. ...read more.

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