• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal.

Extracts from this document...


(b) Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal. Roosevelt introduced the New Deal to America in 1933. He started it for many reasons; one being that America was suffering a great depression after the Wall Street crash. After the boom in the early 1920's American industry was prosperous, that was until the factories started to over produce goods, this caused the factories to not sell as much resulting in the shares being sold but at a lower price. The factories could no longer survive so closure was the only possible answer. This caused many problems throughout America, unemployment being one of them. The depression caused 2000 banks to collapse as the confidence in them were minimal. The confidence in the government also lacked as people started to realise that the President was not helping the situation. ...read more.


The agencies that were made to support the unemployed were also helpful to the poor. To help the unemployed the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was set up. It was aimed at anyone aged between 18 and 25 and their aim was plant trees around riverbanks to strengthen them. They did this so that dams could be made by the other unemployment acts. In 1933 the Civil Works Administration (CWA) was set up. It provided relief for the unemployed who were prepared to voluntarily work for the community schemes. This particular agency was replaced by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) although it had the same aims it was much more successful. The workers were paid wages and they built useful public buildings, hospitals, roads, airports, schools and playgrounds. ...read more.


Most of the black people were included in the unemployment acts. Equality was also a problem, at one end of the spectrum there were the rich who wined and dined and at the other end there were people who were living in shantytowns with no running water. To solve this problem, taxes were increased resulting in the money being spent on the poor. Soup kitchens were built to help the poor; this gave them food and shelter. The New Deal was also made to challenge the previous policies of Herbert Hoover. His laws did not work so if Roosevelt contrasted his policies he had a chance of being President. In conclusion 1 feel that this idea was probably why he made the New Deal. He knew it was what the American people wanted so if he could give it to them he would. The New Deal gave the public confidence in the new government whilst recovering the country economically and socially. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal

    Roosevelt used a simple but effective plan for this. A huge amount of banks were effected by the depression, some of those banks were good others were bad, so Roosevelt closed the bad ones and re-opened the good ones as well as pumping money to them. How were people to know about this and what was being done.

  2. How successful was the new deal? Explain why Roosevelt Introduced the New Deal?

    In 1931 238 people were admitted to hospital in New York suffering from malnutrition or starvation. 45 of those people died. Americans began to lose confidence in their government. Democracy did not seem to be able to cope with the problems of depression.

  1. Franklin Roosevelt was first elected president in 1933. He immediately introduced the new deal ...

    With crowds of panic-stricken savers all demanding their money at once, these banks too found that they did not have enough ready cash. Then they also had to close down. In 1932, 1616 banks had closed down for this reason, and the number of bank failures was increasing each month,

  2. Explain why Franklin Delano Roosevelt introduced the New Deal.

    They didn't need details, they just wanted hope and confidence, and Roosevelt provided this. Roosevelt won the election by a landslide. He won in all but three states. It was the worst defeat the Republicans had ever suffered. This is because the previous three American Presidents had all been Republicans and these were Harding, Coolidge and Hoover.

  1. Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal

    12 million people were unemployed, 12,000 people were being made unemployed every day, 20,000 companies had gone bankrupt, 1616 banks had gone bankrupt and 23,000 people committed suicide in one year, the highest ever. AS there was no benefit for the unemployed the situation worsened and many people came to rely on charity for food and shelter.

  2. Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal

    as one of the 'Alphabet Agencies'. This allowed people to sign up for a period of 6 months and could be renewed if they still did not find work. This gave jobs to 2,000,000 million young men and 8000 women. The Depression also made many banks collapse and go bankrupt.

  1. Franklin Roosevelt was first elected President in 1933. He immediately introduced the New Deal ...

    It was difficult to sell goods to American consumers, as the market for consumer goods was diminishing, since those who could afford it already had the conveniences they needed. The rest of the American citizens were too poor and unable to afford luxury items.

  2. Essay Explain why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal

    New dances and short-lived crazes. An increasing interest in all types of sport like golf, tennis, football, rugby and basketball. More and more people gradually going to cinemas and by 1929, 110 million a week were going to cinemas. Said by President elect Hoover in autumn 1928 he announced "We,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work