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Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in Vietnam.

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Introduction

Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in Vietnam The Vietnam War went on for 10years from 1965 to 1975. There were many casualties on both sides but in the end the Vietcong won the war against the USA. The USA got increasingly involved in the war over Vietnam and this was for a number of reasons. This ranges from a major fear of communism in the long term and a fear of communist takeover as well as some trigger reasons for instance the assassination of Diem. In the 1880's Vietnam became part of the French empire and was renamed French-Indo China. In 1941 however Japan invaded but Ho Chi Minh led the resistance against France and Japan. Over the next 8 years there was the French Vietnamese war but after long peace talks Vietnam divided into North and South. The south was supported by the USA. Diem became the prime minister of the South and refused to hold elections for a new leader whereas the communist leader Ho Chi Minh ran the North. There are a number of reasons why the USA became more increasingly involved in the Vietnam War and some of these reasons existed for a long time making these the long-term reasons for increasing involvement in the war. The first of these is the Cold War. ...read more.

Middle

However this is still a major reason for increased USA involvement in the long term in Vietnam as the USA didn't want the domino theory to work in Asia and communist spread had to be stopped. The final major long-term reason for more involvement was the increased sending in of advisors and communists on both borders. The USA started sending in more military advisors to the south to give them support and tactics against the north. The north was determined to conquer the whole of Vietnam and so began to recruit more Vietnamese people to the Vietcong. In 1961 there were 20,000 Vietcong soldiers but by 1964 this number increased to 100,000. This increase led to the USA becoming more involved by sending more advisors. From 685 in 1961 there were 16,000 by 1963. This therefore led to the USA becoming more involved because more military officers were sent to Vietnam thus making the USA increasingly involved in the Vietnam War. All these reasons are linked together because they are all to do with communism and are long-term reasons. Without the differences in views between capitalists and communists and the USA's major fear of communism and its spread then the USA wouldn't have got involved at all. All these reasons are to do with either the spread of communism to America or across other continents that the USA didn't want. ...read more.

Conclusion

They didn't want to lose the support of the USA so assassinated Diem which led to increased USA involvement as Diem was no longer leader of South Vietnam. The final trigger reason was the burning monk. Diem was to blame. He was weak and intolerant. He favoured Catholics over Buddhists and angered them by not letting them fly flags on Buddha's birthday. In protest to this treatment a monk burned himself to death and provoked protest worldwide with the US president being particularly affected. The USA could then see that a new leader was needed to stop communist takeover and this made the USA become increasingly involved for this reason. These short term factors are linked as they are all trigger reasons that sparked the start of war and increased USA involvement. They led to the USA becoming more and more involved up to a point where the choice was leave and let communists takeover or fight for capitalism. Overall this was a war that was long and drawn out and cost both sides millions of lives and pounds. I believe that the USA fears of communism were the biggest reason for further USA involvement and that all the other reasons stem from this. Without this fear of communism I believe the USA would have stayed well away from this dispute but because of their obsession with the stopping of communism they felt obliged to become more and more involved in the Vietnam War as they did. David Macmillan 1 ...read more.

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