• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Lucille McLay 0312 43309 St. Johns R.C 'Explain why the United States withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973' The US became involved in Vietnam War in 1954. The main reason for the involvement was the Domino Theory; the US was scared if one country fell or area in Asia were communist neighbouring places like Malaya or Thailand would fall too. The USA was one of the world's most powerful nations and it was unable to defeat a simple nation with black pyjamas. As a result of this war America had both its supremacy and involvement in International Affairs changelled. The US withdrew in 1973 after a bloody conflict that shocked both the US and the rest of the world. John F. Kennedy took over the presidential role in November 1960. He wanted to continue supporting Eisenhower's policy of supporting Ngo Dinh Diem. He believed the domino theory and said if communism wasn't stopped in Vietnam it would spread around the world. The US helped the French in Vietnam. At the Geneva peace conference there was an arrangement to temporarily divide Vietnam into the seventh parallel, then be reunited after the elections. ...read more.

Middle

The Vietcong also used the Ho Chi Minh trail. This was used to send weapons, food, guerrillas and equipment to the Vietcong in the south. It stretched 1,000 km with dummy paths and depots; the US air force usually got confused. In all it needed 40, 000 people to keep it working. The life on the trail wasn't pleasant. When the trail was see-able on a fine day the US and ARVN planes attacked. When it rained, especially in monsoon season, the packs the Vietcong had to carry were doubled in weight. A lot of the supplies travelling along the trail came from allies. The Soviet Union helped and supplied the aircrafts. China helped providing the fuel, food and handguns. The Vietcong often recycled old metals from weapons the US troops had left behind. The trail could be hidden by the rainforest, and the fact the troops were new to Vietnam and didn't know the layout very well. That, however, was all about to change due to an American weapon - Agent Orange. Vietnam had a lot of scenery, mountains and rain forests, this caused problems for the US troops. ...read more.

Conclusion

It made people aware what was being done in their name. There are some photos that were shown. The most 3 most famous are probably the picture of the burning monk, the execution of a Vietcong suspect in the street and the children from South Vietnam fleeing after a napalm attack in which they have burning skin. It was however a one sided-coverage. The media couldn't go out with the Vietcong and report all their war crimes. It was easier to follow Americans. The media didn't always report up-to-date. An example of this is the My Lai massacre, which the media reported on 18 months after it had happened. On Saturday 16 March 1968 3 platoons of American soldiers landed at the small village on My Lai. They were led by Lieutenant William Calley and on a search and destroy mission. If there was any Vietcong there, by the time the troops were in the village, they would of all been gone or hiding. In that 2 hours, many cold-blooded killings of unarmed Vietnamese men, women and children. Many soldiers got out of it by saying they were just following orders, but a man of ordinary sense would of understood it illegal. Most of the soldiers were killing as revenge for the friends that they lost. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Vietnam 1954-1975 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why the US withdrew its forces from the Vietnam War in 1973

    4 star(s)

    As fighting broke out between Ho Chi Minh's forces in the north and loyalists in the south, China began to support Ho Chi Minh's forces, and the North Vietnamese were beginning to be seen as an ally of China and a threat to the US.

  2. Explain why the United States withdrew their forces from Vietnam in 1973.

    Even children. When President Kennedy was elected in November 1969 he promised that the USA would continue to support the Diem government in South Vietnam. Americans were inspired by his words and thought that supporting them was a good cause. In 1961 Kennedy sent 100 more military advisers to Vietnam.

  1. Why did America withdraw from Vietnam in 1973?

    The Ho Chi Minh trail was another long-term cause for the Americans to withdraw as this trail was supplying the Vietcong with food, drink and weapons from the other communist states (soviet union- Russia, communist china- China), the Americans couldn't cut off this trail however much they tried as a result from this the Vietcong could carry on fighting.

  2. The USA should have been successful in Vietnam because of its technological and military ...

    made them more technologically superior but America where still more skilled in the air. Source J is trustworthy because it is a description by an American soldier who had just lost the war and he knew exactly what had happened; however he could have over exaggerated things to make the

  1. Free essay

    Did The United States Lose On The Vietnam War Home front Or Battlefield?

    The mass of attacks from the Vietnamese led to many people thinking the war was unwinnable. After the U.S troops had fought hard against the Tet Offensive and had a military victory, hearing that the media reported it as a loss their lowered morale again.

  2. Why are there different views about the influence of media on the course of ...

    I know that this source was written by Hal Buell the former head of the Associated Press. This therefore means that this source is likely to be bias towards the affects of media on the course of the war when considering that it's writer was heavily evolved in the media

  1. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam

    The 1950s was a pivotal period in terms of political changes, marked by the spectacular French departure in 1956. Leading up to that French exit, was the build-up of Vietcong forces, where Giap was now the general of a guerrilla army which numbered 100,000; despite the colonial power having the

  2. How coverage of Vietnam in the USA led to demands for peace

    the United States, 28 percent as defeats, and 2 percent as inconclusive. After Tet, 44 percent of the battles were deemed victories, 32 percent defeats, and 24 percent inconclusive." (Hallin, 1986, p.161-162). The Tet Offensive was probably instrumental in causing a major reassessment of U.S.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work