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Explain why there were tensions in Russia in the early 1900.

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History Homework Explain why there were tensions in Russia in the early 1900. In the early 1900, Russia faced various kinds of problems in terms of society and politics. Although the largest country in the world, Russia could only offer 5% of its land for farming. The rest was useless due to the extremely low temperatures throughout the year. The problem with land meant that peasants did not produce a sufficient amount of food, consequently resulting famine all over the country. The usable land was mainly in the southwest of Russia. The eastern part which is called Siberia, is mostly frozen permanently (permafrost). Since the land was frozen, so too was the ocean around Russia. ...read more.


As well as having different language, these people had different religions which include: 70% Christian Orthodox; 9% Roman Catholic; 11% Muslim; 4% Jewish. Virtually, the whole population of Russia was situated in the fertile land in the southwest. This meant that population density was very high and cities and towns were overcrowded. However, Russia's low industrial output was not the only problem for the peasants and factory workers. In 1900, Russia was an autocracy led by a Tsar who had a total control over the country. The Tsar was Nicholas II. Along with his family and all other nobles, he was very wealthy and lived in luxury. Other wealthy groups of people were: * Upper class- Church leaders and lesser nobles. ...read more.


Working hours often exceeded those allowed by the law. The peasants' homes were tiny houses where there were a lot of people living, making them completely full. Tsar Nicholas did not pay much interest in dealing with his people. He relied on advisors and other politicians to do this job for him. Most of all, he used the Tsarist secret police, the Okhrana, to track down and destroy his enemies. In cases of peasant protests, Tsar Nicholas sent brutal soldiers called the Cossacks, to deal with the peasants. The Church manipulated the people by telling them that it was a sin to criticize the Tsar. The whole standard of living for workers and peasants was outrageous. The strict rules by which people lived were merciless. The tension spread around the Empire and it wasn't long before it led to some serious and deciding conflicts. ...read more.

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