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Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 & 1914.

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Introduction

Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 &1914 Hye-Rin Ra The suffragists' campaign for the vote started in the nineteenth century. However they actually didn't achieve their aim greatly since their main tactics were only persuasion, meetings and petitions to Parliament. In the early twentieth century, the WSPU was founded by Emmeline Pankhurst with her daughters since they were impatient with the peaceful methods of the suffragist and they believed that the suffragists' methods were inefficient and slow. The WSPU's main aim was to have political equality with men because they believe that the most important ways in which women did not have equal rights to men was that they were not allowed to vote in parliamentary elections and they were not allowed to become MPs. The suffragettes chose violent methods such as attacking property, attacking people... in order to achieve their 'rights over men' rapidly. Therefore, the suffragettes raised the issue of 'votes for women'. Despite of the suffragettes' efforts, they failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 ~ 1914. ...read more.

Middle

Fourthly, some argued that women did not need to have a vote since they were already represented by their husbands. They believed that giving women the vote is the same as giving husbands two votes, for the reason that wives were expected to have the same political views as their husbands. The fifth long term reason of against giving women the vote is that some people asserted, ' why do we have to change a system that works'. Britain was the most powerful country with a good political system and the people were worried about making a change by letting women vote because they believed women could spoil the stability of the system. Lastly, people who were willing to fight for their country and they insisted women should never vote since they could not fight in the army to defend their country. They also worried that if women got the vote, women would not wish Britain to fight wars and this would reduce Britain's power in the world. These were the long term reasons why women failed to get vote between 1900 ~ 1914, now I am going to talk about short term reasons why women failed to get vote. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, the suffragettes' violence did not succeed in winning over the majority of people in the country. It is because, people were frightened of suffragettes' smashing their windows, they were furious at suffragettes cutting of telegraph wires and destroying letter boxes and they were also scared of buildings bombed and burnt down. Women were not allowed to go to art galleries and museums alone without reasonable men attending with them because of the suffragettes' poor behaviour. Therefore they lost public support and made less likely to get votes since public opinion was firmly against the suffragettes. Moreover, the suffragettes' split with the suffragists in late 1908 made them less powerful. Their separation was caused because NUWSS disagreed with that the suffragettes' activities for the reason that they believed that the WSPU would make the Government hostile to votes for women and this made women's movement weaker. In a nutshell, in my own opinion, women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914 not only because of long term reasons such as biological, economical and political arguments, but also the short term reasons like suffragettes' violence which made the situation worse and also because of the attitude of political parties. ...read more.

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