• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 1: Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. There were a number of factors why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. These include violence, the fact that the government had more pressing concerns, the divisions within the women's movement, the traditional view of women and political self interest of the government of the day. The first and perhaps most important reason why women failed to get the vote is the traditional view of women held at the time. It was thought that men and women had their separate spheres. While men went to work, women were expected to stay at home with children and do housework. They were expected to be the "perfect housewife" and be "home-makers". The fact that women were considered as their husband's possessions until 1884 (when the Married Women's Property Act was passed) shows the few civil or political rights that women had. Working class women were mainly domestics and lowly paid. Middle and upper-class women were expected to remain in the home. However many women agreed with this stereotype and saw nothing wrong with being in the domestic sphere. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore a large number of important factors were in play during this turbulent period which explains why women failed to get the vote by 1914. In short, there was no single major event which demanded this great political shift. Question 2: Attitudes towards women and their right to vote had changed by 1918. How important was the First World War in bringing about this change? Women did not receive the vote solely because of the First World War but it did play a major part in women gaining the vote and attitudes towards women changing. The War was a major factor in shaping the change in attitudes to women's suffrage, but there were other political changes in Parliament which had a very considerable impact. The response of the women's movement and their support for the war effort was a key factor in women gaining the vote. When the First World War was declared the WSPU (Suffragettes) decided to put their campaigning on hold in order to help the War effort. Emmeline Pankhurst believed that "there was no point in continuing to fight for the vote when there might be no country to vote in." ...read more.

Conclusion

Women in New Zealand, Australia, Finland, Denmark and Norway already had the vote, and Canada and four American States granted the vote for women in 1917. It is too easy to say that women's contribution towards the war effort earned them the vote. In fact, the ones who made the most obvious effort (the young munitions workers in the factories, working in dangerous conditions, but under 30) weren't actually allowed to vote. The vote was mainly given to older women who would promote stability in society. The campaign of the Suffragettes and Suffragists before the war laid down the foundation for granting the vote. No doubt any government which failed to grant some suffrage would fear that militancy would start again after the war. Also it would be very difficult for any government to start imprisoning women who had so publicly been praised for their war effort. Some historians argue that the war may have actually delayed women getting the vote, as conciliatory gestures were being made to the women's movement before the outbreak of war. But all these things taken together show that attitudes had changed and such a horrific event as the Great War clearly had great importance to that change. ?? ?? ?? ?? Robdeep Sangha 11CC GCSE History Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Explain why women failed to gain the vote before 1914?

    The NUWSS also gave support to Clementina black and her attempts to persuade the government to protect low paid women workers. Fawcett argued that women could carry out mature posts in society like sitting on school boards, but could not be trusted to vote; she claimed that if parliament made

  2. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    This meant that no trade could reach Germany's short coast by any means. For this reason Germany were cut off from all outside trade from Allies or more importantly neutrals who were now solely able to trade with Britain. Germany could do little to help them out of this position but they could attempt to hamper British trade.

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    During negotiations, militant activities by the WSPU were halted. The Bill was suspended and the WSPU resumed militant campaigning. However, this Bill was again defeated. By 1914, there was a stalemate between the government and the suffragettes. The Government did not want to be seen as giving in to violence, especially by women.

  2. Suffragettes and the Vote.

    In some ways the suffragette campaign was successful though. Women's suffrage was a matter of news. Emily Pankhurst was one of the leading suffragettes she proves it was a matter of news by saying "their violent campaign made the newspapers full of us". In judgement I would say that the suffragettes and women did not gain the vote by the outbreak of war because of the suffragettes.

  1. To what extent did the work done by women during World War 1 gain ...

    Through their persistent and peaceful campaigning, the Government had taken notice of the issue of Women's Suffrage, and started to discuss the cause in Parliament. As referred to earlier, many changes to women's rights had been established. In 1870 and 1882, Married Women's Property Acts were passed, giving women the right to keep their earnings.

  2. Labour Party

    Stafford Cripps, the chancellor of the Exchequer controlled the rents, the profits, the interests rate but also the construction of new buildings and the materials needed for the building. By controlling many things the government putted many people against them.

  1. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    Healthy people would not need to take up hospital beds, which might be needed for people injured in air-raids and fighting.

  2. To What extent was Britain a Democracy by 1914

    n 0000022133 00000 n trailer << /Size 20 /Root 15 0 R /Info 1 0 R /ID [ <8fd9a79867cc91fa5fbad3f2a7712e2c> <8fd9a79867cc91fa5fbad3f2a7712e2c> ] >> startxref 23017 %%EOF PKcu;$^>�OObuildVersionHistory.plist<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd"> <plist version="1.0"> <array> <string>pages-trunk-20080703_5</string> <string>pages-trunk-20080707_3</string> <string>pages-trunk-20080904_1</string> <string>5D7</string> </array> </plist> PKcu;"ÌD^l?� index.xml�1/2ks�8'(��� �;fc7n��S�z��D="�(r)�q����9qb�-(�S"�!)"<��f| A�'%="�$^�|!'������W��0��" �R1/2�����3�Y����� T�D�DK���*�����

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work