• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 1: Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. There were a number of factors why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. These include violence, the fact that the government had more pressing concerns, the divisions within the women's movement, the traditional view of women and political self interest of the government of the day. The first and perhaps most important reason why women failed to get the vote is the traditional view of women held at the time. It was thought that men and women had their separate spheres. While men went to work, women were expected to stay at home with children and do housework. They were expected to be the "perfect housewife" and be "home-makers". The fact that women were considered as their husband's possessions until 1884 (when the Married Women's Property Act was passed) shows the few civil or political rights that women had. Working class women were mainly domestics and lowly paid. Middle and upper-class women were expected to remain in the home. However many women agreed with this stereotype and saw nothing wrong with being in the domestic sphere. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore a large number of important factors were in play during this turbulent period which explains why women failed to get the vote by 1914. In short, there was no single major event which demanded this great political shift. Question 2: Attitudes towards women and their right to vote had changed by 1918. How important was the First World War in bringing about this change? Women did not receive the vote solely because of the First World War but it did play a major part in women gaining the vote and attitudes towards women changing. The War was a major factor in shaping the change in attitudes to women's suffrage, but there were other political changes in Parliament which had a very considerable impact. The response of the women's movement and their support for the war effort was a key factor in women gaining the vote. When the First World War was declared the WSPU (Suffragettes) decided to put their campaigning on hold in order to help the War effort. Emmeline Pankhurst believed that "there was no point in continuing to fight for the vote when there might be no country to vote in." ...read more.

Conclusion

Women in New Zealand, Australia, Finland, Denmark and Norway already had the vote, and Canada and four American States granted the vote for women in 1917. It is too easy to say that women's contribution towards the war effort earned them the vote. In fact, the ones who made the most obvious effort (the young munitions workers in the factories, working in dangerous conditions, but under 30) weren't actually allowed to vote. The vote was mainly given to older women who would promote stability in society. The campaign of the Suffragettes and Suffragists before the war laid down the foundation for granting the vote. No doubt any government which failed to grant some suffrage would fear that militancy would start again after the war. Also it would be very difficult for any government to start imprisoning women who had so publicly been praised for their war effort. Some historians argue that the war may have actually delayed women getting the vote, as conciliatory gestures were being made to the women's movement before the outbreak of war. But all these things taken together show that attitudes had changed and such a horrific event as the Great War clearly had great importance to that change. ?? ?? ?? ?? Robdeep Sangha 11CC GCSE History Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    He, like many men and women during that period was under the impression that women were hysterical and completely incapable of logical thinking. This was due to the radical actions of the Suffragettes as they conformed to all the stereotypes of irrational women.

  2. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    than the Germans were destroying, and the German effort to end the war by submarine warfare had clearly failed. In the end, the Germans had sunk 2,371,000 tonnes of merchant shipping. To combat the U-boat the British tried using underwater mines and nets, mines that exploded when they came into contact with the hulls of ships or submarines.

  1. Attitudes towards women and their right to vote had changed by 1918. How important ...

    The other long-term factor, which improved the situation, was the work of the Suffragists and Suffragettes. The methods they used for campaigning kept the issue of female suffrage in the public eye, raised awareness and gained support before 1914. Methods that the suffragists used were more peaceful than the Suffragette's methods.

  2. The changing role and status of women in Britain since 1900

    Many Suffragettes were put into prison for the violent acts that they carried out. Once in prison their protests did not end. The Suffragettes went on hunger strikes because they believed that they should be treated like political prisoners, and be given special rights.

  1. why women failed to gain the vote between 1900 and 1914?

    Suffragist leaders were often subjected to physical abuse. Suffragist meetings were repeatedly stormed and disrupted by street gangs. On many occasions the speaker at a suffragist meeting would hold a revolver to discourage possible attacks from the audience. However, it was not only men that were against the suffragist movement, many, if not most upper-class women were against the movement, including Queen Victoria.

  2. Women's suffrage is the right of women to vote. The women's suffrage movement was ...

    were formed in 1903 and led by Emmeline Pankhurst. This group used direct action; this was the second stage in the emancipation of women getting the vote. They set fire to post boxes and they went on hunger strike when imprisoned, they chained themselves to railings and produced clever posters.

  1. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    If you compare the situation in 1913 with that in 1905, a great change had come about. From providing nothing, the government had begun to provide all the services that we now expect from the Welfare State. The Second World War When war broke out in September 1939 most people expected the worst.

  2. EXPLAIN WHY WOMEN FAILED TO GAIN THE RIGHT TO VOTE BETWEEN 1900 AND 1914.

    less they decided to use more militant methods such as, disturbing meetings, attacking property and holding demonstrations. During 1912-1914 their methods became more violent with arson attacks. In 1913 Emily Davison ran in front of the King's horse and was killed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work