• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework - Women's Suffrage in the UK Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914 Women in the era ending after Queen Victoria's reign for 63 years were becoming more aware of political tensions in the United Kingdom, and reacted to "male supremacy" by setting up organisations such as the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) and the more militant party, the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU). The political rights of women didn't become an agenda until 1832, when the Reform Act changed multiple electoral roles and effectively prohibited women's suffrage, by disenfranchising them. The change of status in women wasn't seen as national importance until the late 1890's when groups such as the NUWSS were becoming more accepted by the national public. Political campaigners were rapidly gaining more popularity in the turn of the century but when Suffragettes began to obtain more media attention that the Suffragists, this is when the women's cause was starting to become increasingly ignored. From the early 1800's women were severely neglected in terms of opportunities to vote, they had few rights; either civil or political. The problem wasn't accredited to past politicians who had portrayed women as "not educated" or "intolerable to politics", but rather social prejudices that were older than British democracy itself. Up until 1860, the zenith of the British industrialisation period, only 4 acts were passed by the parliamentary committees in both the House of Commons and House of Lords, which actually benefited women. ...read more.

Middle

this was probably due down to the fact that most of the members of the group were working class, and could not afford to vacate work placements at shift times. Even though the number of pro-suffrage MPs in the House of Commons grew, the Suffragists got nowhere in their campaign. This was a consequence of the nature of the operation that was being used; the suffragists were losing necessary support from the Liberals at the turn of the century, and they were losing media interest in their campaign because of the lack of any "action", but the largest flaw was the fact that they concentrated on multiple issues, not only women's suffrage, so supporters and the public believed they were not as committed to the idea as other groups. So in 1903, a group of ex-NUWSS members (the Pankhurst family) created a new, more militant, society to hopefully obtain the vote. This group was known as the WSPU and was created with different methods in mind, as the motto- "Deeds not Words" - showed. They became to be known as "Suffragettes" by a term coined in the Daily Mail in 1906. The first action taken by the WSPU was by interrupting a Liberal conference in Manchester at the Free Trade Hall in 1905; both Annie Kenney and Christabel Pankhurst were arrested, this shocked the public and drew publicity. ...read more.

Conclusion

was not enough to challenge the Asquith government. Plus, James Keir Hardie and Labour wanted to get the vote for women but believed that all the working-class should get it first, but this was almost impossible as this would have included already prohibited members of society. And so because of the mixed opinion, a stalemate developed. Additionally, there were still some marks on women in traditional culture. They were seen as 'intellectually inept' and giving them vote would give them 'influence in other areas of society'. Men, and some women, generally believed that a woman's role in life was to be housebound and be 'enforcers of moral standards', and their role in politics would make them 'less feminine'. But these arguments may be understandable as women made 51% of the population, and therefore a majority if a general election was available to women. This opposition, however, was before 1900. After that date, the ultimate reason why women did not get the vote was because of the actions the campaigners took. The prison sentences from 1900 to 1914, gave negative publicity to the promoters of the cause and they lost a great deal of suffragist and suffragette members. After 1911, the action became more violent and aggression became an official policy of the WSPU. The support for the movement became disturbed by the actions and the opportunities that the suffragists had created, the suffragettes destroyed. The suffragettes had attempted to and succeeded in raising the PR of the progress, but in due course they ultimately damaged their own movement. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    to allow women the vote and refused to commit himself either way, there were many other politicians who bitterly fought against women receiving the vote. Although after World War One Asquith was so impressed with the way the women supported the country that it was he who gave the women the vote.

  2. Explain why women failed to gain the vote before 1914?

    including Queen Victoria before she died in 1901 who said: "Let women be what god intended, a helpmate for man, but with totally different duties and vocations". Suggesting a woman's place was at home caring for the children.

  1. Women and the Vote

    says that there was a tremendous mood of change because of the war. However both sources do agree with each other when they both say that it was something else that earned women suffrage and not only their wartime service.

  2. History Revision for year 11. The Liberal Reforms, the Beveridge Reforms and the ...

    For many people, rationing actually meant an increased and an improved supply of food every week. Poor people found that they were getting a much better diet than they had been before the war. The government also urged people to produce as much food for themselves as they could.

  1. EXPLAIN WHY WOMEN FAILED TO GAIN THE RIGHT TO VOTE BETWEEN 1900 AND 1914.

    Another reason for women not getting the vote was that no party was willing to adopt their cause. Some MP's were sympathetic however it was the leaders who had the power and they refused to use it. Prime Minister Asquith was a key figure in keeping women disenfranchised.

  2. HITLER'S POPULARITY

    I prepare myself, as I had all the other times. I pushed forward on my horse, down the lane, getting faster and faster, the atmosphere is tense, this is her last chance. She prepares herself, I draw closer, I am an inch away from her.

  1. The changing role and status of women in Britain since 1900

    The Suffragettes cleverly designed their posters to gain the publics' sympathy. The Suffragette prisoner appears distressed, and helpless. The Suffragette is portrayed as the victim. The doctors and wardresses appear forceful and rough. They are not treating the woman with any care.

  2. The Changing Role and Status of Women in Britain Since 1900

    This is because the postcard was written by the suffragettes and although shows the attitudes of the suffragettes it does not show the attitudes of the people. We also know that at the time the article was published the suffragettes were not taken to kindly.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work