• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rachel Henderson 10E History Coursework Q.1 Explain why women failed to gain the right to vote between 1900 and 1914. By 1900 women had made the first steps to having equality with men. New opportunities were being made in the world of work for middle-class and working-class girls. Between 1875 and 1907 around half a million new jobs were created in department stores. The rapid expansion of the postal service also created more counter jobs in a network of local post offices. In both of these situations, hours were long, sometimes 80 - 90 hours per week, and pay was poor. But shop work offered some free time and independence for younger girls. It was far preferable to domestic service. One occupation which was almost exclusively a woman's job by 1900 was nursing. By this time there were 60,000 trained nurses. But, as in other areas, they had to resign once they were married. For better educated women, the horizons broadened even further. As technology improved and businesses grew, the opportunities for women who were literate and could operate the new technology, such as typewriters and telephones, also grew. As the Post Office expanded to take in the telephone service and the distribution of old-age pensions, the need for clerks grew. Private companies often took on women with shorthand and typing skills to cope with the increasing amount of paperwork created by modern business methods. However, men still held the skilled and responsible posts. Women were given the lower status jobs which were brought by the new technology. ...read more.

Middle

The Married Woman's Act meant that when a husband deserted his wife he had to pay maintenance. In 1891 a court passed a judgement that a man could not force his wife to live with him. The advances that had been made before 1900 were significant, but women were still inferior in marriage, barred from most professions and they could not even vote. The right to vote was seen as a key to many other changes, but as was shown in the 19th century every change, and advance to equality involved a great struggle. What were their chances with an all-male Parliament, elected by an all-male electorate? Women were going to have to fight to get the vote, seen as the most basic injustice of all. By this time women had already been campaigning for Suffrage since the 1850s. In 1897, organisations such as the Female Political Union and the Manchester Women's Suffrage Societies joined together to form the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS). These campaigners pointed out that the Franchise, the right to vote, had been extended for men in 1832, 1867 and 1884. The men franchised by the 1884 Act were generally less well off and much less educated than the suffragists. The NUWSS consisted of mainly middle-class women who were mostly well educated people. These campaigners didn't want the vote for all women, they just thought that women should be able to qualify for the vote by means of their wealth or property, as men do. This organisation pointed out that women made up 52.7% of the population over 21, therefore they, the majority, should be able to elect the parliament which was to run the country. ...read more.

Conclusion

This caused Pethick Lawrence to withdraw his financial support of the Suffragette movement. This showed that the Suffragettes were taking violence to a new level. This sort of behaviour lost the Suffragettes their public support and even the MPs who had previously supported their cause were beginning to question whether their actions were fitting to their fight. The Suffragettes' campaign had certainly raised the profile of their campaign, but they had given their opponents a reason to reject women's suffrage. In many ways the Suffragette Campaign undid much of the good work the Suffragists had been doing since the 1850s. So, during this period the Suffragists could not convince a majority of Parliament to support their motion, hindered by the Suffragettes' targeting of political meetings and of the MPs themselves. The Suffragists' campaign was left as a minor concern due to the violence and increasing militancy of the Suffragettes, which was more of a hindrance than a help. The government refused to give in to the violence of the Suffragettes because it would lead people to believe that they could get what they want through militant methods. MPs became less keen to admit that they agreed with the campaign due to the increasing opposition to the campaigns. Also the women in the public were torn whether they should support the Suffragettes with their extremist campaigns or the more conservative Suffragists. Many working girls would support the Suffragettes purely because they were fighting for the vote for ordinary women, whereas the Suffragists were only campaigning for the vote for married women, women who owned land or were able to qualify in the same way men did. Both organisations suspended their campaigns when war was announced in 1914. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did women fail to gain the vote between 1900-1914?

    Many other influential people like Lord Birkenhead, W E Gladstone and Queen Victoria were against giving women the vote because they thought that by allowing women to vote, they would become less pure and hardened by politics, also they would not be able to fulfil their roles as wives and mothers.

  2. Did the militancy of the Suffragettes hinder the cause between 1905 to 1914?

    could be factory inspectors, and could even vote in select regional elections, if they had enough property. The only bill passed during the concentrated militant tactics period was the 'Council electorate' of 1907. This can be interpreted to show that legal accomplishments were not granted to the cause because of

  1. The struggle for the emancipation of women.

    to say what he wants without being told to stop, once he is finished then only does he sit down. So some male MP's stood up and talked until there was no time left in the meeting, by doing this if the act of women getting the vote was coming up he wouldn't let it.

  2. Why did a campaign for women's suffrage develop in the years after 1870?

    This blatant infringement of the most basic of civil rights evidently had an impact on public opinion while the was lasted, as many more open-minded things women were able to do as a result of working for the war effort, but the problem was that as soon as the survivors

  1. The Struggle for the emancipation Of women-explain how and why The methods of the ...

    This was a big boost. However, it wasn't until 1910 before women were allowed to become accountants and bankers. Even then it would be a while before men hired them Politics Women were not even thought of as politicians until the womens suffrage group - the NUWSS was founded by Millicent Fawcett in 1867.

  2. The changing role and status of women in Britain since 1900

    She was frequently arrested for acts ranging from causing a public disturbance to burning post boxes. Emily's final act was to run out onto the racetrack at the Epsom Derby. The king's horse, which was running at that time, collided with Emily, trampling on her.

  1. Who Did More To Help Women To Get The Vote - Suffragists Of Suffragettes?

    It was an occasion where anything that happened would gain great publicity. Amongst the crowd, were members of the royal family, politicians, photographers and reporters. Emily Davison thought this would be an ideal time to gain attention to the suffragette cause.

  2. why women failed to gain the vote between 1900 and 1914?

    The position of certain key political parties was also a huge contributor to why women never got the vote between 1900 and 1914. For if women wanted the vote, ultimately if would have been the MP's that they would have had to convince.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work