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External Pressure in South Africa

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Introduction

Explain the part played by external pressure in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa In this essay I am going to explain the part played by external pressure in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa. Within this, I will describe and explain the role economic sanctions had in ending apartheid. I will also describe and explain the role that international isolation in sport had in ending Apartheid. In the 1960's the World imposed economic sanctions on South Africa, from 1960-80 they failed because South Africa was more powerful, in the 80's public view of South Africa changed dramatically. All countries engaged sporting boycotts on South Africa to oppose Apartheid, for example they stopped playing sports with them like Rugby, Tennis, Cricket and Golf. An economic sanction is when a group of countries decide to cripple another country by stopping all imports into it. This is used in many wars to stop countries using money to power their armies. Most Countries around the World tried to use this method to make South Africa poor. In the early 1960's to the 1980's this method failed to work because South Africa was already to powerful and people still came to make a fortune from the land. ...read more.

Middle

This happened to South Africa when all the main powerful countries decided racism was wrong and boycotted South Africa. They stopped all competitive sports between them. An excellent example of a famous sporting boycott happened in 1968 when the English cricket tour of South Africa was cancelled because of Basil d'Oliviera. Basil d'Oliviera was black and was born in South Africa, he left when he tried to get into the professional South African team but was rejected so he moved to England to play cricket. South Africa rejected playing England as they believe it would show them as not superior as they were playing a black man. This offended England and many other countries which then began their hate towards apartheid. South Africa believed that if they were beaten by England it would show them as lower and less superior to blacks. However such sporting boycotts were an annoyance to South Africa but they were never enough to bring down the Apartheid System. In actual fact, White South Africa often got around the sporting boycotts. Foreign sportsmen were paid a huge wages to come and play South Africa competitively and take part in competitions against them. These were used to get around the sporting boycotts as many of the sportsmen agreed as the money involved was massive. ...read more.

Conclusion

Inflation increased, prices rose for all South Africans as the economic was at an all time low. High taxes were installed throughout South Africa to try and gain money back, Meanwhile White South African realised that their golden economy was beginning to weaken as they were forced to pay bigger and larger taxes and prices to use anything inside South Africa, this led to a threat to White superiority and domination as Apartheid was weakened immensely. The end of Apartheid was soon to follow as they couldn't carry on with it crippling the country economically. In conclusion, we see that earlier economic sanctions failed as they didn't have full backing from the biggest countries in the world and were easy for South Africa to get around. We also see that Sporting boycotts failed as once again South Africa managed to get around them easily. We see that the later economic sanctions worked as they managed to cut of the flow of income into South Africa by blocking all imports to them. The external pressures of the bigger countries helped as they made it harder for South Africa to dodge around certain problems in their way. External pressures, economic sanction and sporting boycotts played a big part in the fight against Apartheid and minority rule in South Africa as they blocked the country from others with sanctions and put immense pressure on them till they ended Apartheid. ...read more.

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