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Eyewitness - source related review

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Introduction

3. Source D is the evidence of Elizabeth long at the inquest into the death of Annie Chapman. As this source is a witness account is reliable in some aspects and unreliable others. As it is an actual witness account it may be hampered by the person's personal views or prejudices, however since it was taken soon after the murder it is more likely to be based on the facts of time rather than later on deductions. The statement itself is about the man seen talking to Annie Chapman the night she was murdered. Source E is Part of an article published in a local newspaper after the murders of Polly Nicholls and Annie Chapman, as it is in a newspaper it is likely to be dramatized, it is only an extract of the article and may be taken out of context; since it was published soon after the murders it is probably mostly based on facts rather than theories. The witness statement from Elizabeth long would not have been considered reliable in a murder enquiry due to its vagueness and uncertainty with phrases such as 'I think', 'I cannot be sure' And 'as far as I could tell' being used. Despite the length of the statement we do not actually find out much information about the man we only know that he was wearing a deerstalker hat, might have been wearing a long coat, could have been over forty and was 'a bit taller than the deceased'. ...read more.

Middle

They tried to put policemen on the street dressed as prostitutes however this did not work as most refused to have their beards shaven off thus ruining their disguise. Bloodhounds were used to track down the Ripper but given that they had neither clothing nor blood of the Ripper this proved unsuccessful. The main ways in which the police attempted to catch the Ripper were: the use of bloodhounds, disguised policemen, interviewing people and sending out leaflets the latter of which may have been more successful if a reward had been offered. Source G explain why reward money was not offered for information leading to the capture of Jack the Ripper however we must remember that it is dated 17/9/88 - only after the second murder - and we do not know if things changed after that date. However If they did not their then would be no reason for the people of Whitechapel to offer any information, especially with the police forces unsavory reputation at the time. 5. The police were not completely to blame for not capturing Jack the Ripper. There were many other factors that contributed to this. Jack the Ripper himself used various different methods to escape capture, the media played an important role, there were also problems with witnesses and the Whitechapel area also helped him to avoid capture. ...read more.

Conclusion

One other important piece of evidence that was found on the night of the double event was a piece of Eddowes apron that was found on a nearby doorstep, it had been used to wipe a knife and assumed to have been dropped there by the Ripper. After the cloth was found the police attempted to use bloodhounds to track down the Ripper, this shows the intelligence of the police as they used what little evidence they had to attempt to find the Ripper and also the use of bloodhounds at the time was rare. The police were also hampered by their reputation for brutality and were thought to be incompetent and untrustworthy, due to this people were reluctant to come forward with any information that they had about the murders. The 2 square mile in the centre of London had its own separate police force to the rest of London this could cause problems with investigations as no information was transferred between the two, the blame could be attributed to both police forces for not working closer together. The main reasons that the police could not be blamed for not capturing the ripper were: they were undermanned and under resourced this was not the fault of the police and could not be helped. Because Whitechapel was a maze of unchartered dark alleyways and dingy streets it would not have been hard for the ripper simply to disappear after each murder without the police having a hope of finding them. ...read more.

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