• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


REASONS FOR THE FAILURE OF THE 1848 - 49 REVOLUTION IN ITALY Like in 1820 and 1830 the attempts by the Italian patriots and revolutionaries in 1848 - 49 rid themselves of despotic and foreign rule of Austria ended in failure. The reasons for this fiasco are many and varied. a) First, the Piedmontese King Charles Albert was hesitant and indecisive in declaring war on Austria. He lost valuable time which enabled the Austrians to organise themselves. ...read more.


c) Equally significant in the defeat of the revolution was the sudden defection of Pope Pius IX. The Pope's actions were: i. The Pope lost the opportunity to pose as leader of the Italian cause. May liberals and federalists lost faith in the pope. ii. The Italian revolt was seriously weakened. Popular enthusiasms for the nationalist cause weakened since the Pope withdrew his moral support. iii. King Ferdinand II (Bomba) ...read more.


Local feelings were strong and Charles Albert was not popular in the rest of Italy. Outside Piedmont there was little organisation to the revolts and there was a diversity of aims. These divisions made it extremely difficult to achieve a properly coordinated plan of campaign against the Austrians. f) Also, the failure of the revolutions in Austria itself had liberated many troops for operations against the Italians and also enabled the key fortresses of the "Quadrilateral" to be reinforced. g) Finally, the lack of external assistance was also a factor which proved that the advocates of "Italia fera da se" were wrong. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Nationalism and the Revolution of 1848

    had its problems however, as was seen with the Slovakians. Slovaks at this time were a peoples group that lived within the borders of Hungary. Slovaks introduced a "Demands of the Slovak Nation", in which the Slovaks demanded the freedom of employing their own administration and education system.

  2. French and American Revolutions Compared

    About 50000 Americans died and about 1240 British sailors died in battle, and 18500 sailors died of a disease known as scurvy. Also 7554 Germans died, and no reliable statistics exist for the number of casualties among other groups, including Loyalists, British regulars, Native Americans, French and Spanish troops, and civilians.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work